Zyzzyx

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Zyzzyx
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Crabronidae
Tribe: Bembicini
Genus: Zyzzyx
Pate, 1937[1]
Type species
Stictia chilensis
Species
  • Zyzzyx chilensis (Eschscholz, 1822)
Synonyms[6][7]

Genus:

  • Therapon Parker, 1929[3]

Species:

  • Bembex chilensis (Eschscholz, 1822)
  • Monedula chilensis (Eschscholz, 1822)
  • Stictia chilensis Eschscholz, 1822
  • Therapon chilensis (Eschscholz, 1822)
  • Bembex peruviana Guérin-Méneville, 1835[4]
  • Monedula peruviana (Guérin-Méneville, 1835)
  • Bembex chilensis Dahlbom, 1844
  • Monedula orbignyi Guérin-Méneville, 1844[4]
  • Monedula odontomera Handlirsch, 1890[5]

Zyzzyx is a monospecific genus of sand wasp, containing a brightly colored, medium-sized species, Zyzzyx chilensis. It is primarily a predator on flies, but has been observed to consume skippers.[8] "Zyzzyx" is a replacement name proposed in 1937 by V. S. L. Pate for Therapon, originally described by J. Parker in 1929.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pate, V. S. L. (1937). "The Generic Names of the Sphecoid Wasps and Their Type Species (Hymenoptera: Aculeata)". Memoirs of the American Entomological Society. 9: 68.
  2. ^ Eschscholz, J. Friedrich (1822). Entomographien. 1. Berlin: G. Reimer. pp. 94–95.
  3. ^ Parker, John Bernard (1929). "A Generic Revision of the Fossorial Wasps of the Tribes Stizini and Bembicini with Notes and Descriptions of New Species". Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 75 (5): 12–13. doi:10.5479/si.00963801.75-2776.1. hdl:10088/15778.
  4. ^ a b Guérin Méneville, F. E. (1829–1844). Insectes. Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier. Paris: J. B. Baillière. pp. 436–438; Pl. 70, Fig. 6.
  5. ^ Handlirsch, Anton (1890). "Monographie der mit Nysson und Bembex verwandten Grabwespen. V". Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Abtheilung I. 99 (3): 134–136.
  6. ^ Amarante, Sérvio Túlio P. (2002). "A synonymic catalog of the Neotropical Crabronidae and Sphecidae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)". Arquivos de Zoologia. 37 (1): 11–12. doi:10.11606/issn.2176-7793.v37i1p1-139.
  7. ^ a b "Zyzzyx" (PDF). California Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2010. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
  8. ^ Howard E. Evans (2002). "A review of prey choice in bembicine sand wasps (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae)" (PDF). Neotropical Entomology. 31 (1): 1–11.