Temporal range: Neogene - recent
Balaenoptera, from the Latin balaena (whale) and Ancient Greek pteron (fin), is a genus of Balaenopteridae, the rorquals, and contains eight extant species. The species Balaenoptera omurai was published in 2003. Balaenoptera is a diverse genus and comprises all but one of the extant species in its family - the other species is the humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae.
- 1 Taxonomy
- 2 Fossil species
- 3 References
- 4 External links
- Genus Balaenoptera
- Balaenoptera acutorostrata, common minke whale
- †Balaenoptera bertae (Pliocene, United States)
- Balaenoptera bonaerensis, Antarctic minke whale
- Balaenoptera borealis, Sei whale
- Balaenoptera brydei, Bryde's whale
- †Balaenoptera cephalus
- †Balaenoptera colcloughi (Pliocene, USA)
- †Balaenoptera davidsonii (Pliocene, USA)
- Balaenoptera edeni, Eden's whale
- Balaenoptera musculus, blue whale
- Balaenoptera omurai, Omura's whale
- Balaenoptera physalus, fin whale
- †Balaenoptera siberi (Pliocene, Peru)
- †Balaenoptera sursiplana
- †Balaenoptera taiwanica
Many fossil Balaenoptera species have been described. Some (namely "B. borealina", "B. definata", "B. emarginata", "B. gibbosa", "B. minutis", "B. rostratella", "B. bois", and "B. similis") are either nondiagnostic, highly fragmentary, or had no holotype specimen named, hence are considered nomina dubia. The species "Megaptera" hubachi may in fact be a species of Balaenoptera, and is certainly not a member of Megaptera. The valid fossil species of Balaenoptera are:
B. cephalus was originally thought to be a species of Eschrichtius (gray whales) or Cetotherium, but more recent analysis shows it to be a member of Balaenoptera. Fossils of the species were found in the Calvert Formation of Maryland.
B. colcloughi is known from four specimens, including four skulls and some postcranial remains, found at the San Diego Formation. It was a close relative of Megaptera novaeangliae (the humpback whale), B. siberi, and B. physalus (the fin whale).
"B." cortesii is a small species based on a juvenile specimen from Montezago; it probably represents a distinct, unnamed genus of balaenopterid.
Like B. cephalus, B. davidsonii was originally classified under Eschrichtius, but it has since been moved to Balaenoptera. It was native to the Pliocene San Diego Formation of California. The only known fossil of B. davidsonii is a fragment of the left dentary.
"B." portisi is based on MGPT 13803 from Montafia (originally assigned to B. cortesii by Portis ), and may be the same genus or species as Cetotheriophanes capellinii. The species "B. floridana" is indistinguishable from "B." portisi.
"B" ryani represents genus of basal balaenopterid distinct from Balaenoptera.
- "List of Marine Mammal Species and Subspecies". Society for Marine Mammalogy. Retrieved October 2013. Check date values in:
- Deméré; et al. (2005). "The Taxonomic and Evolutionary History of Fossil and Modern Balaenopteroid Mysticetes". Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 12 (1–2): 99–143. doi:10.1007/s10914-005-6944-3.
- M. Bisconti. 2007. A new basal balaenopterid whale from the Pliocene of northern Italy. Palaeontology 50(5):1103-1122
- Boessenecker, Robert W. "A new marine vertebrate assemblage from the Late Neogene Purisima Formation in Central California, part II: Pinnipeds and Cetaceans." Geodiversitas 35.4 (2012): 815-940.
- R. E. Weems and L. E. Edwards. 2007. The age and provenance of "Eschrichtius" cephalus Cope (Mammalia: Cetacea). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27(3):752-756
- Balaenoptera cephalus at Fossilworks.org
- Martin. (2014). From Finbacks to Humpbacks: Investigation of the Evolutionary History of Balaenopteridae.
- Balaenoptera davidsonii at Fossilworks.org
- T. Demere. 1986. The fossil whale, Balaenoptera davidsonii (Cope 1872), with a review of other Neogene species of Balaenoptera (Cetacea: Mysticeti). Marine Mammal Science 2(4):277-298
- M. Bosselaers and K. Post. 2010. A new fossil rorqual (Mammalia, Cetacea, Balaenopteridae) from the Early Pliocene of the North Sea, with a review of the rorqual species described by Owen and Van Beneden. Geodiversitas 32(2):331-363
- E. D. Cope. 1895. Fourth contribution to the marine fauna of the Miocene period of the United States. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 34:135-155
- Balaenoptera taiwanica at Fossilworks.org
- T. Huang. 1966. A new species of a whale tympanic bone from Taiwan, China. Transactions and Proceedings of the Paleontological Society of Japan 61:183-187