Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service
|Scottish Gaelic: Seirbheis Chùirte na h-Alba|
|Type||Non-ministerial government department|
|Headquarters||Saughton House, Broomhouse Drive, Edinburgh EH11 3XD|
|Annual budget||£129.3 million (2025-2016)|
Scotland in the UK and Europe
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The Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service (SCTS) is the body which is responsible for the administration of the court system and tribunal system of Scotland. The Service is a non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government. It employs (in relation to the courts) over 1000 staff members in the country's 49 Sheriff Courts, the Court of Session and the High Court of Justiciary, Justice of the Peace Courts and at the Service's HQ in Edinburgh.
The Scottish Court Administration, later to be called the Scottish Court Service, was created in 1995 by the Scottish Office as an executive agency, which became an agency of the Scottish Government after functions were transferred under devolution. In common with the Scottish Prison Service in the Scottish justice system, this arm's length approach was adopted to prevent direct ministerial involvement in the administration of justice.
On 1 April 2010 it was established by section 60 of the Judiciary and Courts (Scotland) Act 2008 as an independent body, governed by a Corporate Board and chaired by the Lord President, the most senior judge in Scotland.:Section 60
On 1 April 2015, under the Courts Reform (Scotland) Act 2014, the Scottish Courts & Tribunals Services assumed the responsibilities of the former Scottish Court Service and Scottish Tribunals Service.
The Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 has resulted in the unification of the Court of Session, the High Court of Justiciary, Sheriff and Justice of the Peace courts. The Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service has the function of providing, or ensuring the provision of, the property, services, officers and other staff required for the purposes of all these courts (by virtue of section 61(1) of the 2008 Act).:Section 61(1)
It has the responsibility of assisting the Scottish judiciary (by virtue of section 61(1)(b) of the 2008 Act), and assists the Lord President in his role as head of the Scottish judiciary (section 62 of the 2008 Act). This is coupled with assisting the Criminal Courts Rules Council and the Scottish Civil Justice Council.
The Service is also responsible for the administration of the Office of the Public Guardian, based in Falkirk, and assists the Accountant of Court (sections 62 and 33 of the 2008 Act).
Another consequence of the Act was the introduction of Fines Enforcement Officers. With effect from 10 March 2008 these officers, staff of SCS, will bring a more proactive approach to fines enforcement. A total of 31 members of staff will have responsibility for making sure that fines are paid on time and if offenders fall into arrears with payment those staff will use a variety of means to secure payment. Special measures that may be used will include deductions from state benefits; arrestment of wages and/or funds contained in bank accounts and seizure (and subsequent sale) of vehicles. In cases where it becomes apparent that the offender genuinely cannot pay they will be provided with contact details for other Agencies that will be able to provide guidance and help in organising the offender's finances.
Leadership and administration
The membership of the corporate Board of the Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service is determined by Schedule 3 of the Judiciary and Courts (Scotland) Act 2008, which stipulates that the following are members, ex officio::Schedule 3(2)
- Lord President (judicial member)
- Lord Justice Clerk (judicial member)
- President of the Scottish Tribunals (judicial member)
- Chief Executive of the Service
There are a further 5 judicial members, appointed by the Lord President to a maximum term of 4 years:
- One sheriff principal
- Two sheriffs
- One justice of the peace
- One Chamber President in the First-tier Tribunal for Scotland
There are then 2 members of the legal profession, and 3 members from outside the legal system:
The first Scottish Court Service Board was appointed by the Lord President on 18 December 2009  and comprises a majority of judicial officeholders and legal practitioners, by virtue of Schedule 3 to the 2008 Act. The Board formally took up responsibility on 1 April 2010 and is responsible for developing the strategic direction and operational efficiency of the Service. In September 2012, the Board put forward a document for "consultation" that, if approved, would render it in breach of its statutory duty as covered by Section 61(2) of the Judiciary and Courts (Scotland) Act 2008.
The response of the Scottish ministers is awaited.
Members of the Board
As of 23 April 2017 the members of the Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service Board were:
|Lord Carloway||Lord President||ex officio||Chairman of the Board|
|Lady Dorrian||Lord Justice Clerk||ex officio|
|Lady Smith||President of Scottish Tribunals||ex officio|
|Eric McQueen||Chief Executive||ex officio|
|Sheriff Principal Duncan L Murray||Judicial member||[when?]|
|Sheriff Iona McDonald||Judicial member||[when?]|
|Sheriff A Grant McCulloch||Judicial member||[when?]|
|Johan Findlay JP||Judicial member||[when?]|
|Joe Morrow QC||Judicial member||[when?]||Lord Lyon King of Arms and President of the Mental Health Tribunal for Scotland|
|Kirsty J Hood||Advocate member||[when?]|
|Simon J D Cotto||Solicitor member||[when?]|
|Joseph Martin Al-Gharabally||Lay member||[when?]|
|Professor R Hugh MacDougall||Lay member||[when?]|
|Col (Ret.) John David McIlroy||Lay member||[when?]|
- Scots law
- Her Majesty's Courts and Tribunals Service (for courts and tribunals in England and Wales, and United Kingdom-wide tribunals.)
- Northern Ireland Courts and Tribunals Service
- "Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service Annual Report and Accounts 2015-2016" (PDF). Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service. September 2016. p. 7. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Scottish Parliament. Judiciary and Courts (Scotland) Act 2008 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
- "About the Scottish Courts & Tribunals Service". Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Scottish Parliament. Courts Reform (Scotland) Act 2014 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
- Scottish Parliament. Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
- "Fines Enforcement Officers role and responsibilities - Q&A". www.scotcourts.gov.uk. Scottish Court Service. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- http://www.scotcourts.gov.uk/courtsadmin/governance.asp Scottish Court Service - Governance
- Macnab, Scott (22 September 2012). "Fears for Scottish justice system as 11 sheriff courts earmarked for axe". The Scotsman. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "The Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service Board". www.scotcourts.gov.uk. Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service. Retrieved 23 April 2017.