Mohammad Ali Fardin

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Mohammad Ali Fardin
محمدعلی فردین
M.A fardin.jpg
Born
Mohammad Ali Fardin

4 February 1931
Died6 April 2000(2000-04-06) (aged 69)
Tehran, Iran
Resting placeNumber 10 Grave, Artists Segment, Behesht-e Zahra Cemetery
Years active1959–1983
Height1.77 m (5 ft 9+12 in)
Spouse(s)Mehri Khomaarloo
Children4
Mohammad Ali Fardin
Mohammad Ali Fardin 2.jpg
Sport
SportFreestyle wrestling
Medal record
Representing  Iran
World Championships
Silver medal – second place 1954 Tokyo -73 kg

Mohammad Ali Fardin (Persian: محمدعلی فردین‎, 4 February 1931 – 6 April 2000) was an Prominent Iranian actor, film director and freestyle wrestler.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Fardin was born and raised in a poor area in southern Tehran.[1] He was the eldest of three children.[1] After graduating from high school, Fardin joined the Air Force and became a freestyle wrestler in his twenties; he won a silver medal at the 1954 World Wrestling Championships and placed fourth in 1957.[2][1]

Acting[edit]

Fardin was a popular lead actor in Iranian cinema, and was known by the title, King of Hearts, after his lead role in an Iranian film of the same title (Soltane Ghalbha).[2]

He rose to fame in the 1960s. For the average Iranian, he was a heroic figure who served as an alternative to non Iranian movie stars. He was stereotypically cast as the poor tough guy with the heart of gold who got the girl at the end. His films include, Behesht Door Nist, Ghazal, and Ganje Qarun. After the 1979 Iranian Revolution, he starred in only two more films, Bar Faraz -e- Asemanha and Barzakhiha.

He also acted in the Indo Iranian Bollywood film Subah O Sham[3] (1972) starring alongside Waheeda Rehman, Sanjeev Kapoor, Simin Ghaffari and Azar. The film was directed by Tapi Chanakya. His voice in the film was dubbed by Satyen Kappu.

Post-Revolutionary Limitations[edit]

Fardin was banned from working for almost the entire time that he lived through the post-revolutionary period. He could only act in one film, The Imperilled (Barzakhi-ha), which was released in 1982 and resulted in his life-time ban. The Imperilled was directed by Iraj Ghaderi and had four pre-revolutionary male stars in the lead roles. With its patriotic story about resisting foreign invasion, it was a chance for Fardin, Malek-Motiei, Ghaderi and Rad to renew their threatened careers as actors in the post-revolutionary atmosphere. The film was a hit and became the highest grossing Iranian film of all time in its short period of screening in theaters. But it was soon banned and consequently the four actors were banned from working. Saeed Motalebi, an established writer and director in the pre-revolutionary era, was the writer of the film. He is one of the people who has repeatedly recounted stories about how the film and the actors were banned.[4] About how the film's success was turned into disaster Motalebi says:

In one friday Mr. Mohsen Makhmalbaf gathered a couple of people and they started collecting signatures for a petition which was written on a scroll, stating that "We have made a revolution while these actors are transgressors." They did it right in front of that theater in the Revolution Square near the university of Tehran. They said "Look how theaters are crowded while friday events are deserted." That's how they stopped my film.[5] Then a reporter who was queued to ask something about our film, went and told the then prime minister (Mir-Hossein Mousavi) "There is a film in theaters whose writer wants to convey that people who are fighting in the fronts are problematic persons." The prime minister replied "These are leftovers of junk intellectuals who will soon go to the dustbin of history." Malek-Motiei became jobless and turned his garage into a pastry shop. Ghaderi put some rice bags in his office and became a rice dealer. Fardin opened a pastry shop too and when I went to visit him, I used to wait outside as long as there were no customers so that he wouldn't feel ashamed when he saw me. These were all caused by those illogical efforts which I will never forgive.[6]

Death[edit]

Fardin died as a result of cardiac arrest on 6 April 2000 at the age of 69.[7] The news of his death was largely ignored by state radio and television, which was run according to the dictates of the Islamic establishment, who had disapproved of his acting career and had banned his films post the 1979 revolution. He was buried in the Behesht-e-Zahra cemetery in Tehran. More than 20,000 mourners attended his funeral in Tehran.[8]

Filmography[edit]

Actor

  1. Cheshme-ye Ab-e Hayat (1960)
  2. Farda Roshan Ast (1960)
  3. Faryad-e Nime Shab (1961) - Amir
  4. Bive-haye Khandan (1961)
  5. Dokhtari Faryad Mikeshad (1962)
  6. Tala-ye Sefid (1962)
  7. Gorg-haye Gorosne (1962)
  8. Zamin-e Talkh (1962)
  9. Zan-ha Fereshte-and (1963)
  10. Sahel-e Entezar (1963) - Ahmad
  11. Agha-ye Gharn-e Bistom (1964) - Dash Habib
  12. Masir-e Roodkhaneh (1964) - Mahmood
  13. Ensan-ha (1964) - Amir
  14. Tarane-haye Roostaei (1964)
  15. Jahanam Zir-e Pa-ye Man (1964) - Yargholi
  16. Dehkade-ye Talaei (1965)
  17. Ghahraman-e Gharamanan (1965) - Hassan Ferfere
  18. Babr-e Koohestan (1965) - Majid
  19. Eshgh-o Entegham (1965)
  20. Khoshgel-e Khoshgela (1965)
  21. Ganj-e Gharoon (1965) - Ali bigham
  22. Moo Tatalei-e Shahre Ma (1965)
  23. Hatam-e Taei (1966) - Jalal
  24. AmirArsalan-e Namdar (1966) - Amir Arsalan
  25. Mardi az Tehran (1966)
  26. Gadayan-e Tehran (1966)
  27. Jahan Pahlavan (1966)
  28. Wadi al mot (1967)
  29. Toofan-e Nooh (1967)
  30. Charkh-e Falak (1967) - Mamal Feshfesheh
  31. Toofan Bar Faraz-e Patra (1968)
  32. Ed ora... raccomanda l'anima a Dio! (1968) - Stanley Maserick
  33. Soltan-e Ghalb-ha (1968) - Saeed
  34. Shokooh-e Javanmardi (1968)
  35. Khashm-e Kowli (1968)
  36. Mardan-e Bokos (1968)
  37. Na’re Toofan (1969) - Toofan
  38. Donya-ye Por Omid (1969)
  39. Ghasr-e Zarrin (1969) - The Youngest Son
  40. Donya-ye poromid (1969)
  41. Behesht Door Nist (1969)
  42. Sekke-ye Shans (1970)
  43. Yaghoot-e Se Cheshm (1970)
  44. Mardi az Jonoob-e Shahr (1970) - Hadi
  45. Kooche Mard-ha (1970) - Ali
  46. Subah-o-Shaam (1971) - Aarun
  47. Ayoob (1971) - Ayyoob
  48. Yek Khoshkel va Hezar Moshkel (1971)
  49. Mard-e Hezar Labkhand (1971)
  50. Baba Shamal (1971) - Baba Shamal
  51. Mi’adGah-e Khashm (1971) - Ghadam
  52. Mardan-e Khashen (1971) - Nasir
  53. Homa-ye Sa’adat (1971) - Aram
  54. Raze Derakhte Senjed (1971)
  55. Jahanam + Man (1972)
  56. Jabbar, Sarjookhe Farari (1973)
  57. Ghesse-ye Shab (1973) - Mohsen
  58. Shekast Napazir (1974) - Akbar
  59. Salam bar Eshgh (1974)
  60. Najoor-ha (1974)
  61. Javanmard (1974)
  62. Movazebe Kolat Bash (1975) - Farhad
  63. Ta’asob (1975)
  64. Gharar-e Bozorg (1975) - Amir
  65. Ghazal (1976) - Hojjat
  66. Bar Faraz-e Aseman-ha (1978) - Ramin / Shahin
  67. Barzakhi-ha (1982) - Seyyed Yaqub (final film role)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Akrami 2009.
  2. ^ a b Fardin, Mohammad-Ali (IRI). iat.uni-leipzig.de
  3. ^ Chanakya, Tapi (1 January 2000), Subha-O-Sham, retrieved 28 January 2016
  4. ^ "Highest Grossing Iranian Films". 8 March 2011.
  5. ^ "Saeed Motalebi on How His Film Was Banned".
  6. ^ "Motalebi: We Were All Dead on the Spot". 15 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Iranian 'King of Hearts' dies". BBC. 9 April 2000. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Mohammad-Ali Fardin, 70, Iranian Film Star". NY Times. 11 April 2000. Retrieved 23 December 2017.

Sources[edit]

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