Frost Bank Tower
|Frost Bank Tower AKA Owlbert Frost|
The Frost Bank Tower
|Alternative names||FBT, Congress at Fourth, Fourth & Congress|
401 Congress Avenue|
|Construction started||November 27, 2001|
|Opening||January 23, 2004 |
|Roof||515 ft (157 m)|
|Top floor||400 ft (122 m)|
|Floor area||50,680 m2 (545,500 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||HKS, Inc., Duda/Paine Architects|
|Structural engineer||Brockette Davis Drake|
|Main contractor||Constructors & Associates Inc.|
The Frost Bank Tower AKA Owlbert Frost is a skyscraper in Austin, Texas, United States. Standing 515 feet (157 m) tall with 33 floors, it is the third tallest building in Austin, behind The Austonian and the 360 Condominiums. It was developed by Cousins Properties from November 2001 to December 2003 as a class A office building with 525,000 sq ft (48,774 m2) of leasable space. It was the first high-rise building to be constructed in the United States after the 9/11 attacks. The building was officially dedicated in January 2004.
The Frost Bank Tower was designed by Duda/Paine Architects, LLP and HKS, Inc. It carries the highest logo in the city at 420 ft (128 m). This advertises the San Antonio-based Frost National Bank, whose Austin headquarters and insurance division are in the building. Offices in the building besides Frost Bank include the Austin offices of Morgan Stanley and Ernst & Young, as well as the headquarters of the University of Texas Investment Management Company (UTIMCO), managers of the Permanent University Fund. The silvery blue color glass facade was first used on the Reuters Building in New York City. Cousins sold the building in 2006 to Equity Office Properties Trust for $188 million before they sold the building to Thomas Properties the same year. In 2013 ownership of the building transferred to Parkway Properties.
In 1998, T.Stacy & Associates consolidated tracts of land at the building site, at the time a vacant lot, and sold it to Cousins Properties in 2001. Their original plan called for a 352 ft (107 m) building with 27 floors, but the final plan called for a 515 ft (157 m) tall building with 33 floors. As the building began construction on November 27, 2001, it became the tallest building in the United States of America to be constructed after the September 11 attacks. Construction was finished about 2 years later in 2003, and the tower was officially dedicated in 2004. It became the tallest building in Austin, Texas, and the fourth tallest building outside of Dallas and Houston, Texas (excluding the Tower of the Americas in San Antonio). In August 2003 cost of the building was estimated at $137 million.
After Austin's skyscraper construction boom, which began in 2007, Frost Bank Tower was soon surpassed in height by the 360 Condominiums at 581 ft (177 m) in 2008. As of March 2011, it is the 54th tallest building in Texas. In 2006, Cousins Properties decided to sell the building for $188 million to Equity Office Properties, whom eventually sold it to Thomas Properties. Currently, there are many notable tenants in the building, including Frost Bank, Morgan Stanley, Ernst & Young, UTIMCO, and Heritage Title Co.
Designed by Duda/Paine Architects, LLP with HKS, Inc. as the Architect of Record, the Frost Bank Tower is considered one of the most recognizable buildings in Austin. The building starts with a rectangular shape on the ground that eventually becomes a square point in the crown. The base of the building is expressed in honed finish limestone while the main superstructure of the building is a blue low-e glass skin, which is a thicker type of glass, that covers the entire tower. The Frost Bank Tower is one of only two places in the world with blue low-e glass skin, the other being the Reuters Building in New York City, which was the earlier structure. The folded panes of the building step back to create a segmented pyramidal form. Lighting covers the crown, where a section of the building 150 ft (46 m) lights up, and sometimes changes color for special occasions, such as the 2006 Rose Bowl, when the Austin-based University of Texas Longhorns defeated the USC Trojans. More than 200,000 sq ft (60,960 sq m) of glass was used for the facade of the building alone and 45,000 sq ft (13,716 sq m) of glass was used in the crown. The building also contains an 11 level parking garage with spaces for more than 1,400 vehicles.
There have been many critics and other people who have stated their comments on the building. John Kelso, a local newspaper columnist, says that the building resembles an enormous set of nose hair trimmers. Austin Chronicle readers voted the Frost Bank Tower as the "Best New Building (Past Five Years)" in 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2008. It was also voted for best architecture in 2004 and 2005. The newspaper also says that the "owl face of the Frost Bank Tower" helps keep Austin "characteristically weird", meaning that it makes Austin unique. The tower was awarded the 2005 International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD) Award of Merit for lighting design by Cline Bettridge Bernstein Lighting Design Inc. for its "second set of narrowly focused accent lights that showcase the vertical mullions at the setback near the building top" and "monumental custom sconces that add scale and create a welcoming frame around the opening portals of the lobby". The building also won the 2003 Texas Construction Magazine Award of Merit.
The Frost Bank Tower contains a wide variety of amenities. Such amenities in the building include conference facilities, building concierge, 24-hour cardkey access, fully equipped fitness center, state-of-the-art telecommunication systems, tenant controlled HVAC, upscale restaurants, deli/carry-out restaurants, a coffee shop, and a dry-cleaner. Following tradition[clarification needed], a tin Christian cross was embedded into the concrete of each floor during construction, with the last being added on May 27, 2003. Also, a 30-foot (9.1 m) cedar tree was hoisted to the top of the mechanical penthouse during the topping out ceremony.
Position in Austin's skyline
Frost Bank Tower is the third tallest building in Austin at 515 ft (157 m), behind 360 Condominiums and The Austonian in height. The building covers most of its block, which is located near the center of downtown at 4th Street and Congress Avenue. Its location in the skyline, matched with its height, excited Austinites and was known as a centerpiece to the skyline.
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