Narendra Chandra Dutta

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Narendra Chandra Dutta
Narendra Chandra Dutta.jpg
Narendra Chandra Dutta
Native name
নরেন্দ্রচন্দ্র দত্ত
Born(1878-11-25)25 November 1878
Kalikachchha, Tipperah, Bengal, British India
Died15 April 1962(1962-04-15) (aged 83)
ChildrenBata Krishna Dutta
Parent(s)Mahesh Chandra Dutta

Narendra Chandra Dutta (Bengali: নরেন্দ্রচন্দ্র দত্ত) (25 November 1878 – 15 April 1962) was an Indian banker, founder of Comilla Banking Corporation and later the prime mover behind the incorporation of the United Bank of India.[1]

Early life[edit]

Dutta was born to Mahesh Chandra Dutta in Kalikachchha, in the district of Tipperah. His father died when he was only nine months old. His mother struggled to bring him up and then had a live a life of penury. He graduated in law from the Ripon College in Calcutta in 1905. He began his practice in the civil court at Comilla and soon build up a lucrative practice.


An advertisement of the Comilla Banking Corporation in the Hindusthan Standard on 16 August 1945

In 1914, Dutta founded the Comilla Banking Corporation at the suggestion of community leader Akhil Chandra Dutta with support from Mahesh Chandra Bhattacharya (1848-1944). He started the bank with a declared capital of 4,000 rupees and raised another 2,500 rupees. In order to raise the capital he sold his own house for 1,500 rupees. Initially he drew a monthly remuneration of eight rupees from the bank.

Dutta did an economic survey of eastern India, and began investments in the tea industry. Through the Comilla Banking Corporation he began to issue loans to prospective investors in the tea industry for buying tea plantations and related properties.

After completing his studies, Dutta's eldest son Bata Krishna Dutta returned to Comilla and joined the Comilla Banking Corporation as a trainee. After a few weeks Dutta suggested that Bata Krishna himself could run a bank himself and young Bata Krishna took up the challenge. In 1930, Bata Krishna Dutta took charge of the defunct Comilla Rice and Oil Mills Limited and established the New Standard Bank of India with an initial paid up capital of thirty thousand rupees.[2]

In 1946, at the suggestion of Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh, the then Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, the New Standard Bank of India merged with the Comilla Banking Corporation, transferring all its assets to the latter.[2] In 1950, Narendra Chandra Dutta along with Jyotish Chandra Das completed the merger of Comilla Banking Corporation and Bengal Central Bank and founded the United Bank of India.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sengupta, Subhodh Chandra; Basu, Anjali, eds. (January 2002). "নরেন্দ্রচন্দ্র দত্ত" [Narendra Chandra Dutta]. Samsad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Bibliographical Dictionary) (in Bengali). Volume 1 (4th ed.). Kolkata: Shishu Sahitya Samsad. pp. 247–248. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.
  2. ^ a b Mallick, Indrajit (2000). "A Development Banker from Bengal" (PDF). Munich Personal RePEc Archive: 6–7. Retrieved 11 September 2011.