Charles I de Croÿ

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Charles I de Croÿ (1455–1527), Count and later 1st Prince of Chimay, was a nobleman and politician from the Low Countries in the service of the House of Habsburg.


Charles was born in the House of Croÿ as eldest son of Philip I of Croÿ-Chimay and Walburga of Moers.[1] He was knighted by Maximilian of Austria at the eve of the Battle of Guinegate (1479).[1] In this battle, he was almost killed when his stirrup broke and he was thrown to the ground.

In 1486, Maximilian raised Charles's County of Chimay to Principality. Charles was from then on a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire. Furthermore, in 1491 he became a Knight in Order of the Golden Fleece.[1] In 1500, Charles had the honor of being the godfather at the baptism of Charles V.[1] He became tutor of the young Charles, but because of frictions with the prince's aunt Margaret, he resigned in 1509 in favour of his cousin William de Croÿ.[1]

Charles was in 1519 one of the negotiators during the talks which led to a military alliance with John II, Duke of Cleves. He was also stadtholder of the County of Hainaut and governor of Valenciennes but he resigned in 1521 in favour of his son-in-law Philippe II de Croÿ.

Marriage and Children[edit]

Charles married Louise d'Albret, daughter of Alain I of Albret.[1]
They had eight children of which only two daughters survived:



  • Bietenholz, Peter G.; Deutscher, Thomas Brian, eds. (1995). Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation. University of Toronto Press.