Illarion Pryanishnikov. Portrait by Vasily Perov (1862)
Илларион Михайлович Прянишников
|Died||March 24, 1894 (aged 54)|
|Education||Full Member Academy of Arts (1893)|
|Alma mater||Moscow School of Painting|
Illarion Mikhailovich Pryanishnikov (Russian: Илларио́н Миха́йлович Пря́нишников; 20 March [O.S. 1 April] 1840 – 24 March [O.S. 12 March] 1894) was a Russian painter, one of the founders of the Peredvizhniki artistic cooperative, which broke away with the rigors of their time and became one of the most important Russian art schools of the late 19th Century.
Illarion Pryanishnikov was born in the village of Timashovo (today's Kaluga Oblast) in a family of merchants. From 1856 to 1866 he studied in the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in the classes of Evgraf Sorokin and Sergey Zaryanko.
His picture Jokers. Gostiny Dvor in Moscow, painted in the last year of education, straight away brought to him a wide reputation. In this small canvas he gives an original solution of a theme of the humiliation of human dignity, callousness and cruelty in the world, where everything is bought and is sold. After depicting the tipsy merchants, who with a jeer are compelled to dance under the concertina and a poor elderly official, the artist authentically demonstrates a whole gallery of the specimens of moral deformity and complacent caddishness. The painting caused indignation in some adherents of official academic art who felt that the young painter appeared as the destroyer of the "high" destination of the art which was to express in the ideal form the eternal truths.
In 1870 Pryanishnikov received the title of the "painter of 1st degree". From 1873 until his death he was a teacher in the MSoPSA and his apprentices were Konstantin Korovin, Vitold Byalynitsky-Birulya, Mikhail Nesterov, Alexei Stepanov and others.
From the outset of the existence of the union of Peredvizhniks, he was a member, and from the second exhibition he was one of directors of the union. Although Pryanishnikov lived in mainly in Moscow, he often visited the Russian north where he sketched. He took part in the decoration of the original Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, which was demloshed in 1931.
Pryanishnikov died in Moscow where one of the streets was named after him.
- Fernandes, Andréa (2009-04-11). "Easter Procession: Illarion Pryanishnikov". Mental Floss. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- "Peredvizhniki Movement, Artists and Major Works". The Art Story. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- "Russian painter Illarion Pryanishnikov by Vasily Perov". Curiator. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
- Draganov, Boris (2017-08-21). Konstantin Korovin: Selected Paintings. Publisher s13381. ISBN 9788822814449.
- Georgiev, Tcvetan (2017-06-08). Alexei Stepanov: Selected Paintings. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 9781547279838.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Illarion Pryanishnikov.|