Kalyangad

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Kalyangad Fort
कल्याणगड
Satara District, Maharashtra, India
Kalyangad Fort is located in Maharashtra
Kalyangad Fort
Kalyangad Fort
Coordinates17°46′42″N 74°07′35″E / 17.7784416°N 74.1264734°E / 17.7784416; 74.1264734
Site information
OwnerIndia Government of India
Open to
the public
Yes

Kalyangad Fort (also called Nandgiri) (Koregaon [1]) stands at the end of a spur of the Mahadev range running south-west from the villages of Vikhale and Bhadle, eight miles north of Koregaon and about fourteen miles north-east of Satara. Its elevation is 3,537 feet above sea level.

History[edit]

According to tradition the fort was built by the Silahara king Bhoj II, of Panhala.[2] In 1673 it was surrendered, along with other Satara forts, to Shivaji.[3] The Pratinidhi administered it until his struggle with Bajirao, the second Peshwa (1720–1740). In 1791, Major Price described it as looking like the hull of a ship of war, with another hill opposite it with some places of devotion on its summit.[4] In the last Maratha war, it fell to the army of General Pritzler in April 1818. In 1862, it was described as a dismantled and uninhabited fort with a steep approach and a strong gateway, but no water and no supplies.[5]

Features[edit]

The fort has two gateways, one below the other, connected by steps. The first gate faces north, the path turning abruptly as it is reached. Within is a hollow used formerly for stores. From the inside facing east is another cave pond called the Gavi, full of good water. The entrance to it is protected by a wall. This cave pond is very hard to access, the way being thickly blocked with prickly pear. The second gateway of mortared stone leads out into the plateau, which is about two hundred yards high by one hundred yards high with many ruined buildings, and four chief ponds inside the second gate.

The fort walls are in a state of bad repair. There are no buildings inside the fort except the temple of God Maruti. There are also idols of Dattatraya and Parasnath. Even though water is available abundantly, there is no habitation on the fort. The temple of Maruti was renovated by Dahanebuva of Ninapadali. The tomb of Abdul Karim, a Musalman Saint, inside the fort is still visited by a few people. An Urus is held in his honour for five days before Holi Paurnima. The fort was the headquarters of an administrative sub-division with a treasury and had an establishment of a mamlatdar, phadnis, sabnis, havaldar and daffedar, two karkuns, three naiks, and one hundred and sixty sepoys.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Gazetteers Department – SATARA".
  2. ^ Grant Duff's Marathas, Vol. I, 27
  3. ^ Grant Duffs Marathas, Vol. I, 202
  4. ^ Memoirs of a Field Officer, 261
  5. ^ Government List of Civil Forts, 1862