Action of 14 February 1795

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Action of 14 February 1795
Part of the French Revolutionary Wars
Date 14 February, 1795.
Location Gulf of Roses, Catalonia, Spain
Result Spanish victory
Belligerents
France France Spain Spain
Commanders and leaders
Mr.Guet  (POW) Juan de Lángara
José Jordán
Strength
1 frigate 1 ship of the line
Casualties and losses
1 frigate captured,
280 killed, wounded or captured[1]
unknown

The Action of 14 February 1795 was a minor naval engagement of the French Revolutionary Wars fought in the Gulf of Roses between a ship of the line of Juan de Lángara’s fleet and a French squadron of a frigate and a corvette. For orders of Lángara, the Spanish Ship of the Line Reina María Luisa of 112 guns, chased the French frigate, named Iphigenie, more than one day, forcing finally her to strike her colors. The corvette, which separated three days before in a storm, was supposed to be lost.[2]

Several days later, on March 30, when the Montañés of 74 guns was carrying the prize, she was attacked by a strong French squadron of eight ships of the line and two frigates which initially waved the Spanish flag.[3] Thanks to her superior speed, she was able to reach the port of Sant Feliu de Guíxols, and after a hard fight in which she fired 1,100 cannon balls,[4] the attacking forces were rejected with the only loss aboard the Montañés of three men killed and few wounded.[4] The French withdrew to Minorca.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Marcelino p.203
  2. ^ Debrett p.39
  3. ^ Marcelino p.204
  4. ^ a b Marcelino p.205

References[edit]

  • Debrett, John (1795). collection of State papers, relative to the war against France now carrying on by Great-Britain and the several other European powers. London: J. Debrett. 
  • Marcelino Travieso, José (1856). La marina: revista científica, militar, administrativa, histórica, literaria, política y de comercio 2. Madrid: Imprenta de T. Fortanet.