Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Not to be confused with Albert II of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
For other people of the same name, see Albert of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse(s) Rixa of Werle
Noble family House of Guelph
Father Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Adelheid of Montferrat
Born c. 1268
Died 22 September 1318(1318-09-22)

Albert (Latin Albertus; c. 1268 – 22 September 1318), called the Fat (pinguis), was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

The second son of Albert the Tall, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Albert was a boy when his father died in 1279. He was first under guardianship of his uncle, Conrad, Prince-Bishop of Verden, and then of his elder brother, Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In 1286 the three brothers divided their father's Principality of Wolfenbüttel; Albert received the areas around Göttingen, Minden, Northeim, Calenberg, and Hanover. He made Göttingen his residence, thus Principality of Göttingen. In 1292, the third brother, William, died childless, and Albert and Henry, who had received the Principality of Grubenhagen, quarrelled about William's share, the remaining belittled areas around Brunswick and Wolfenbüttel; Albert finally prevailed.

Family[edit]

Albert married Rixa, daughter of Henry I, Prince of Werle and Mecklenburg-Güstrow, and Rikissa Birgersdotter from Sweden, in 1284. They had the following children who reached adulthood:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: August 1267 Died: 7 September 1322
German nobility
Preceded by
Albert I
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
joint reign with Henry I and William I

1279–1291
Succeeded by
William I
Principality of Göttingen disentangled from the Principality of Wolfenbüttel Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Göttingen

1286–1318
Succeeded by
Otto the Mild
Preceded by
William I
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

1292–1318