Alexander Shcherbakov

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Alexander Shcherbakov
Алекса́ндр Щербако́в
Candidate member of the 18th Politburo
In office
21 February 1941 – 10 May 1945
Personal details
Born 1901
Russian Empire
Died 10 May 1945(1945-05-10) (aged 44)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

Aleksandr Sergueyevich Shcherbakov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Щербако́в; 1901[1] – 10 May 1945), was a founding member of the Soviet Writers' Union, along with Maxim Gorky. Following the latter's death in 1936, Shcherbakov was transferred from his role as First Secretary to the lower role of Second Secretary of the Leningrad Regional Party Committee where he reported to Andrei Zhdanov. He was also a notable critic of Ivan Gronsky. He became First Secretary of the Moscow Regional Party Committee in 1938, a post he held until his death.

During the German-Soviet War, Shcherbakov served as the head of the political directorate of the Red Army (with the rank of colonel general) in Moscow, and at the same time was director of the Soviet Information Bureau. According to Antony Beevor's book, Stalingrad, The Fateful Siege: 1942-1943, "One of the richest sources in the Russian Ministry of Defence central archive at Podolsk consists of the very detailed reports sent daily from the Stalingrad Front to Aleksandr Shcherbakov."

After suffering from years of alcoholism,[2] Shcherbakov died of heart failure on 10 May 1945, right after Victory Day, and the following year the town of Rybinsk was renamed Shcherbakov in his honour (its original name was restored in 1957).


  1. ^ Medvedev, Roy Aleksandrovich. "The Unknown Stalin" , 2005
  2. ^ Grover Furr argues that Shcherbakov was not an alcoholic, he was branded so deliberately by Khruschev after his death. See Khruschev Lied pp.217 (Turkish version)