Alii Aimoku of Molokai

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The Aliʻi Aimoku was the sovereign king or queen of one of the four main Hawaiian Islands. The monarchs of Molokai, like those of the other Hawaiian islands, claim descent from god Wākea.

Tradition has not preserved the pedigree of this family passed that of the progenitor, but its connection with the Nanaulu line is frequently affirmed making it relatives of the first dynasty on Oʻahu and Kauaʻi. The father of this family was Kamauaua, who seems to have been the first mentioned superior chief of Molokaʻi.[1] Nanaulu, from which Kamauaua claimed descendant, was a fourteenth generation descendant of Wākea and his wife Papahānaumoku. Keoloewaakamauaua intermarried with another line of Nanaulu, elevating their status, by marrying Nuakea of the Nanaulu-Maweke line. From this the Molokaʻi family proudly trace their lineage back to the first migration in the sixth century.


The traditional history of Molokaʻi is fragmentary. The island was not of major political importance. Its importance lay in the connections its royal family made by marriage, and, in later years, the reputation of its sorcery and kahunas.[2] Molokai was the fifth largest of the eight main Hawaiian isles, and its size hindered it in its struggle for power and survival among the other islands of Maui, Oʻahu, Kauaʻi and Hawaiʻi. Its main enemies were the chiefs of Oʻahu and Maui.

By the end of the 17th century, as interisland conflict grew worse and worse, and Molokaʻi suffered many blows from the powerful monarchs of other isles; notably Kapiiohookalani, Peleioholani and Kahekili II. Molokaʻi finally, and completely, succumbed to the might of Maui prior to the end of the ancient Hawaiian era.

List of Aliʻi Aimoku of Molokaʻi[edit]

  • Aliʻi nui Kamauaua, Aliʻi Aimoku of Molokai, 11th - 13th century[3]
  • Aliʻi nui Keʻoloʻewa-a-Kamauaua, Aliʻi Aimoku of Molokaʻi
  • Aliʻi nui Kapau-a-Nuʻakea (female), Alii Aimoku of Molokaʻi
  • Aliʻi nui Kamauliwahine (female), Aliʻi Aimoku of Molokai
  • Aliʻi nui Hualani (female), Aliʻi Aimoku of Molokaʻi
  • some number of generations
  • Aliʻi nui Kahokuohua, Aliʻi Aimoku of Molokai, 15th century
  • some number of generations
  • Aliʻi nui Kalanipehu, Aliʻi Aimoku of Molokaʻi, 17th century[4]
  • some number of generations
  • Aliʻi nui Kaneʻalai (female), Alii Aimoku of Molokaʻi, 18th century[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Abraham Fornander, An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origin and Migrations, Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle Company, 1969.
  2. ^ Historical Collections of The Hawaiian Islands - Kalaupapa, Kalawao County (Part 1)
  3. ^ Catherine C. Summers, "Molokai: A Site Survey," Pacific Anthropological Records, No. 14, (Honolulu, HI: Department of Anthropology, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1971)
  4. ^ a b