Fang District

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Fang
ᨺᩣ᩠ᨦ ฝาง
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Chiang Mai Province
Amphoe location in Chiang Mai Province
Coordinates: 19°55′8″N 99°12′49″E / 19.91889°N 99.21361°E / 19.91889; 99.21361Coordinates: 19°55′8″N 99°12′49″E / 19.91889°N 99.21361°E / 19.91889; 99.21361
Country  Thailand
Province Chiang Mai
Seat Wiang
Area
 • Total 888.164 km2 (342.922 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 121,033
 • Density 136.3/km2 (353/sq mi)
Time zone THA (UTC+7)
Postal code 50110
Geocode 5009

Fang (Thai: ฝาง Northern Thai: ᨺᩣ᩠ᨦ) is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand.

History[edit]

According to the Yonok chronicle, Mueang Fang was built in 641 by King Lawa Changkarat. Later King Mengrai the Great ruled over Fang before building Wiang Kumkam and Chiang Mai as successive capitals of the Lanna Kingdom, beginning in 1294.[1] Prior to the new capitals, Mengrai had used Mueang Fang as a base to invade Hariphunchai.[2]

In 1910, Mueang Fang was made part of Chiang Rai Province, and named Mueang Fang district.[3] In 1925 it was reassigned to Chiang Mai Province.[4] In 1938 the word Mueang was dropped from the name, which was then reserved for capital districts of the provinces.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The landscape of Mueang Fang looked like the seed of a Fang tree (Caesalpinia sappan). The town was named after this tree.

Geography[edit]

View from road 1340 in the Daen Lao Range of the Fang valley

Neighboring districts are (from the northeast, clockwise) Mae Ai of Chiang Mai Province, Mae Suai of Chiang Rai Province, Chai Prakan of Chiang Mai Province again and Shan State of Myanmar. The Fang River, a tributary of the Kok River, gives its name to the district.

Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park is located in Fang district. The Daen Lao Range runs through the district's north and west, and the Khun Tan Range begins in the south of the district.

Administration[edit]

The district is subdivided into 8 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 128 villages (muban). There are two townships (thesaban tambon): Wiang Fang covers parts of tambon Wiang, and Ban Mae Kha parts of tambon Mae Kha. There are a further 8 Tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Inh.
1. Wiang เวียง 19 26,810
3. Mon Pin ม่อนปิ่น 22 19,123
4. Mae Ngon แม่งอน 18 17,715
5. Mae Sun แม่สูน 17 15,019
6. San Sai สันทราย 17 11,583
10. Mae Kha แม่คะ 15 14,542
11. Mae Kha แม่ข่า 13 9,873
12. Pong Nam Ron โป่งน้ำร้อน 7 6,368

Missing numbers belong to tambon which now form Chai Prakan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Chiang Mai Chronicle 2nd Edition, tr. David K. Wyatt and Aroonrut Wichienkeeo, Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books, 1998, p18 ISBN 978-974-7100-62-4
  2. ^ Ongsakul, Sarassawadee, History of Lan Na, trans. Chitraporn Tanratanakul, Chian Mai: Silkworm Books, Thai text 2001, English text 2005, p.55 ISBN 978-974-9575-84-0
  3. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย". Royal Gazette (in Thai) 27 (0 ง): 426–427. June 12, 1910. 
  4. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง โอนอำเภอเมืองฝาง จังหวัดเชียงรายไปขึ้นจังหวัดเชียงใหม่". Royal Gazette (in Thai) 42 (0 ง): 203. April 26, 1925. 
  5. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนนามจังหวัด และอำเภอบางแห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๑". Royal Gazette (in Thai) 55 (0 ก): 658–666. November 14, 1938. 

External links[edit]