Anemarrhena asphodeloides

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Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Anemarrhena
Species: A. asphodeloides
Binomial name
Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Bunge, 1833

Anemarrhena asphodeloides is a plant species in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae, native to China, Korea, and Mongolia.[1][2] It is the only species in the genus, and some authors have placed it in its own family, Anemarrhenaceae.[3]

The plant name in China is zhi mu (知母, zhī mǔ)[4] and its rhizome is used in traditional medicine.[5] Used as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory,[6] anti-diabetic,[6] and antidepressant[7][medical citation needed] in TCM. It may assist learning,[8][non-primary source needed] and may have anti-liver cancer properties.[9][non-primary source needed] Mangiferin, a natural phenol from Anemarrhena asphodeloides or Mangifera indica, could significantly prevent progression of diabetic nephropathy and improve renal function.[10][non-primary source needed]

It is cited in Japanese Kampo herb list and is an ingredient in the Dabuyin Wan, Qingfei Yihuo Wan and Biyan Pian pills.

The plant contains the steroidal sapogenin sarsasapogenin and the xanthonoid mangiferin.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 24 Page 208, 知母 zhi mu, Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 2: 140. 1833.
  3. ^ Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae 
  4. ^ Banu, Jameela, Erika Varela, and Gabriel Fernandes. "Alternative Therapies For The Prevention And Treatment Of Osteoporosis." Nutrition Reviews 70.1 (2012): 22-40. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
  5. ^ Ya, Wang, Feng Fang, and Wang Zhe. "Determination Of Selected Elements In Aqueous Extractions Of A Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula By ICP-MS And FAAS: Evaluation Of Formula Rationality." Analytical Letters 43.6 (2010): 983-992. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
  6. ^ a b Xie, W., and L. Du. "Diabetes Is An Inflammatory Disease: Evidence From Traditional Chinese Medicines." Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism 13.4 (2011): 289-301. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
  7. ^ Antidepressant-like effects of sarsasapogenin from Anemarrhena asphodeloides BUNGE (Liliaceae). Ren LX. Luo YF. Li X. Zuo DY. Wu YL. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 29(11):2304-6, 2006 Nov
  8. ^ Mangiferin ameliorates scopolamine-induced learning deficits in mice. Jung K. Lee B. Han SJ. Ryu JH. Kim DH. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 32(2):242-6, 2009 Feb.
  9. ^ The apoptotic effect of sarsasapogenin from Anemarrhena asphodeloides on HepG2 human hepatoma cells. Bao W. Pan H. Lu M. Ni Y. Zhang R. Gong X. Cell Biology International. 31(9):887-92, 2007 Sep
  10. ^ Mangiferin prevents diabetic nephropathy progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Li X. Cui X. Sun X. Li X. Zhu Q. Li W. Phytotherapy Research. 24(6):893-9, 2010 Jun.

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