Ata-ur-Rahman (Arabic: عطا الرحمن ) is a masculine Islamic given name. It is built from the Arabic words Ata, al- and Rahman. The name means "gift of the most merciful", ar-Rahman being one of the names of God in the Qur'an, which give rise to the Muslim theophoric names.
The letter a of the al- is unstressed, and can be transliterated by almost any vowel, usually by u. Because the letter r is a sun letter, the letter l of the al- is assimilated to it. Thus although the name is written in Arabic and Urdu with letters corresponding to Ata al-Rahman, the usual pronunciation corresponds to Ata ur-Rahman. The transliteration Atta often appears for the first element and Rehman for the last, all subject to variable spacing and hyphenation.
Notable bearers of the name include
- Ataur Rahman Khan (1907–1991), Bangladeshi lawyer, politician and writer
- Khan Ataur Rahman (1928–1997), Bangladeshi film actor, director, producer, screenplay writer, music composer, and singer
- Atta ur Rahman (scientist) (born 1942), Pakistani scientist
- Maulana Atta Ur Rehman (born 1965), Pakistani politician
- Ata-ur-Rehman (cricketer) (born 1975), Pakistani cricketer
- Atta-Ur-Rehman Chishti, known as Rehman Chishti (born 1978), British politician
- Atta ur Rehman Memon, Pakistani electrical engineer
- Salahuddin Ahmed (1999). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. London: Hurst & Company.
- S. A. Rahman (2001). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. New Delhi: Goodword Books.