Barbera d'Asti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barbera d'Asti
Wine region
Type DOCG
Year established 08/07/2008
Years of wine industry from 1798
Country Italy
Sub-regions Montferrat, Asti
Climate region warm
Wine produced Asti 1996/97 126205.05% Hectoliters
Alessandria 1996/97 25644.25% Hectoliters

Barbera d'Asti is an Italian red wine made from the Barbera grape variety. It is produced in the hilly areas of the provinces of Asti (67 municipalities) and Alexandria (51 municipalities). Barbera d'Asti was accredited with DOC status in 1970, and DOCG status followed in 2008.[1]

Under the DOCG rules, a minimum of 85% Barbera grapes must be used; the balance may be made up with either Freisa, Grignolino or Dolcetto grapes.

The wine must be made before the date of 1 March immediately following the harvest, and must reach an alcohol content of 11.5%.

Since 2000, it has been possible to produce Barbera d'Asti Superiore, for which the wine must have an alcoholic strength of at least 12.5% by volume, and be aged for at least one year, 6 months of which stored in oak or chestnut barrels. Many superiore producers refine it in small oak barriques to obtain a rounder taste. The superiore has the following sub-zones indicated on the label: Nizza, Tinella, or Colli Astiani (Asti).

The superiore wine has a strong additional aging potential; it can often be aged from ten to twenty years.

History[edit]

The Barbera grape is believed to have originated in the hills of Monferrato in central Piedmont, Italy and is known from the thirteenth century. The first written proof of vinification is stored in the city hall of Nizza Monferrato and dates back to the seventeenth century. The wine enters officially in the roll of Piedmontese wines in 1798, the date of the first Ampelography made by Giuseppe Nuvolone-Pergamo, count of Scandaluzza from the Società Agraria di Torino (Agricultural Society of Turin).

Barbera spread rapidly in the 19th and 20th centuries, and is today considered to be Piedmont's principal red grape variety.

References[edit]

External links[edit]