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BarCamp is an international network of user-generated conferences (or unconferences) primarily focused around technology and the Web. They are open, participatory workshop-events, the content of which is provided by participants. The first BarCamps focused on early-stage web applications, and were related to open source technologies, social software, and open data formats.
The format has also been used for a variety of other topics, including public transit, health care, education, and political organizing. The BarCamp format has also been adapted for specific industries like banking, real estate and social media.
The name BarCamp is a playful allusion to the event's origins, with reference to the programmer slang term, foobar: BarCamp arose as an open-to-the-public alternative to Foo Camp, which is an annual invitation-only participant-driven conference hosted by Tim O'Reilly.
Since then, BarCamps have been held in over 350 cities around the world, in North America, South America, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, Australasia and Asia. Attendees have often travelled internationally to attend BarCamps.
To mark the first anniversary of BarCamp, BarCampEarth was held in multiple locations world wide on August 25–27, 2006. The second anniversary of BarCamp, BarCampBlock, was held in Palo Alto at the original location, but also over a three block radius on August 18–19, 2007, and was attended by over 800 people.
The largest recorded BarCamp happened in January 2013 with over 6400 confirmed registered attendees in Yangon, Myanmar (Burma). The January 2010 BarCamp Yangon attracted over 4700 attendees (confirmed with registration forms) Barcamp Yangon in Global Voices.
BarCamp makes their organizational process freely available, codifying it in a publicly available wiki. In addition to the BarCamp-branded network, it is also a model for user-generated conferences in other fields and for more specialized applications such as EdCamp, WordCamp, PodCamp, Seattle Mind Camp, crisis camps, SkeptiCamp and THATCamp. The real estate industry has adopted the Barcamp format with over 30 RE Barcamps completed and scheduled throughout the U.S. with plans underway to take the format internationally. The BarCamp format has been used to organize events in foreign countries like the French-language VinoCamps which have been held in wine regions across France. Important software innovations like JQuery have been released at BarCamp.
Structure and participatory process 
BarCamps are organized and evangelized largely through the web; anyone can initiate a BarCamp using the BarCamp wiki.
BarCamp was based on a reverse-engineering and open wiki documentation of the processes of FooCamp. Unlike traditional conference formats, both BarCamps and FooCamps have a self-organizing character, relying on the passion and the responsibility of the participants.
Although the format is loosely structured, there are rules at BarCamp. All attendees are encouraged to present or facilitate a session or otherwise contribute to the event. Everyone is also asked to share information and experiences of the event via public web channels, including blogs, photo sharing, social bookmarking, Twitter, wikis, and IRC. This encouragement to share is a deliberate change from the "off-the-record by default" and "no recordings" rules at many invite-only participant driven conferences. It also turns a physical, face-to-face event into a 'hybrid event' which enables remote online engagement with BarCamp participants.
Hosting and attending 
Venues typically provide basic services. Free network access, usually WiFi, is crucial. Following the model of Foo Camp, the venue also makes space for the attendees, or BarCampers, to literally camp out overnight. Thus, BarCamps rely on securing sponsorship, ranging from the venue and network access to beverages and food.
Attendance is typically free of charge and generally restricted only by space constraints. Participants are typically encouraged to sign up in advance.
Historical precedents 
This form of self-organized user generated conferences are conceptually similar to (although simpler than) Open Space Technology (OST), and also related to hackers' meetings in Europe, especially those nearer to anarchism and autonomism, happening since the '90s in Temporary Autonomous Zones or other occupied places. However, BarCamps lack the political motivations and are actually quite integrated with the mainstream ICT industry, often getting substantial sponsorships from major corporations. Some BarCamps, like RecentChangesCamp, BEAST (east bay Bloggers) Camp, HealthCamp and others, use the whole of the Open Space methodology.
See also 
- Café Philosophique
- Knowledge Cafe
- Sweden Social Web Camp
- Tribe (internet)
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- "AUCA to host BarCamp Central Asia 2008 on August 1-3". AKIpress News Agency. 23 June 2008.
- "BarCamp News archive". Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- "Tuning in at the Unconference". The Irish Times. 27 April 2007.
- Wes Smith (11 September 2007). "A gathering of the geeks". Orlando Sentinel.
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