Battle of Druim Dearg

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Battle of Druim Dearg
Date 14 May 1260
Location near Downpatrick, County Down, Ireland
Result Lordship victory
Belligerents
O'Neill Clan.png Northern Uí Néill,
Uí Catháin,
Connacht
Lordship of Ireland.png Lordship of Ireland and Gaelic mercenaries
Commanders and leaders
Brian Ua Néill 
Aedh Ua Conchobhair
James de Audley, Justiciar of Ireland
Strength
? ?
Casualties and losses
? ?

The Battle of Druim Dearg, also known as the Battle of Down, took place on or about 14 May 1260 near Downpatrick, Ireland. A Gaelic alliance led by Brian Ua Néill (High King of Ireland) and Aedh Ua Conchobhair were defeated by the Normans.[1]

The forces of Brian Ua Néill had been raiding Norman-held territory in Ulster after 1257 in an attempt to assert their independence and form a coalition of the Irish against the Normans. Ua Néill allied with Aedh mac Fedhlimidh Ua Conchobhair of Connacht and together with their men went into battle against the Normans. According to the Annals of Innisfallen, the Normans had gathered an army of mostly Irish Gaelic mercenaries to fight against the coalition, and the Normans themselves played only a small role in the fighting. Many of the Irish clans in Leinster, Ulster, Munster, Meath and Breifne, which were under Norman rule at the time, provided the Normans with the bulk of their fighting forces, serving as mercenaries and retained bands. Thus, most of the battles between the Normans and Irish at this time would have seemed more like battles between the Irish themselves. Brian Ua Néill was defeated and killed together with a number of Uí Catháin chiefs.[2]

The Annals of Innisfallen state:

Brian Ó Néill, king of Cenél Eógain, to whom the Gaedil gave hostages, and who paid-neither tax nor tribute to the king of England, was slain by the Gaedil (Irish) themselves and by some of the foreigners (Anglo-Normans) {at Dún dá Lethglas}.

The Annals of Ulster state:

The battle of Druim-derg was fought (in a place which is called Dromma-derg) at Dun-da-leathglas by Brian Ua Neill and Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobair, against the Foreigners of the North of Ireland, wherein were killed many of the nobles of the Gaidhil, namely, Brian Ua Neill and Domnall Ua Cairre and Diarmait Mag Lachlainn and Maghnus Ua Cathain and Cian Ua Inneirghi and Donnsleibhe Mag Cana and Concobur O'Duibhdirma and Aedh, his son, and Amlaim Ua Gairmleaghaidh and Cu-Uladh Ua hAnluain. But one notable thing happened: fifteen men of the nobles of Clann-Cathain were killed on that spot. There were killed of the Connachtmen there: Gilla-Crist, son of Conchobar, son of Cormac Ua Mailruanaigh and king of Magh Luirg and Cathal, son of Tighernan Ua Conchobair and Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchadh Ua Mailruanaigh and Cathal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muircertach and Aedh, son of Muircertach the Fair and Tadhg, son of Cathal, son of Brian Ua Mailruanaigh and Diarmait, son of Tadhg, son of Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach Ua Mailruanaigh and Conchobur Mac Gille-Arraigh and Tadhg, son of Cian Ua Gadhra and Gilla-Beraigh Ua Cuinn and many other persons.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Clan Maclochlainn History Sources". 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  2. ^ Orpen, Goddard Henry (1920). Ireland under the Normans Volume III. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 274–276.