Battle of Kuju

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Battle of Guju
Part of Third Goryeo-Khitan War
Date 10 March 1019
Location Kuju (present-day Kusong), North Pyongan
Result Decisive Goryeo victory
Belligerents
Khitan Liao Goryeo
Commanders and leaders
Xiao Paiya Gang Gam-chan
Gang Min-cheom
Kim Jong-hyeon[1]
Strength
100,000[1] 208,000[1]
Casualties and losses
90,000+ few
Battle of Kuju
Hangul 구주대첩
Hanja 龜州大捷
Revised Romanization Guju Daecheop
McCune–Reischauer Kuiju Taech'ŏp

The Battle of Guju,which occurred in 1019, was the major battle during the Third Goryeo-Khitan War (1018-1019).

After crossing the Aprok River, the Khitan troops invaded Goryeo. But the Goryeo general Gang Gam-chan dammed a stream and released it as the Khitan troops were crossing. Despite of suffering significant casualties, some Khitan troops marched to Gaegyeong, the capital of Goryeo.

During their campaign general Gang Gam-chan cut the supplies of the Khitan troops and harassed them relentlessly. Exhausted, the Khitan troops decided to retreat hastily northward. Monitoring the movement of their troops, general Gang Gam-chan attacked them in the vicinity of Guju, ending in a complete victory to the Goryeo Dynasty.

Aftermath[edit]

After the battle, peace negotiations followed and the Khitan did not invade Goryeo anymore.[1] Goryeo entered in a long and peaceful period with their foreign neighbours across the Aprok river. The victory at the battle of Hong-Hwa-Jin is today called one of the three greatest military victories (other victories are Battle of Salsu and Battle of Hansando) in Korean history.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Battle of Guju - Naver encyclopedia