Brazilian Military Cemetery of Pistoia

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Brazilian Military Cemetery of Pistoia
Brazilian Monument and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of World War II
Second World War
The monument inside the Cemetery
1976 Monument and memorial Tomb, at the former cemetery.
Used for those deceased 1941 - 1945
Established 4 August 1945
Location 43°56′42″N 10°56′36″E / 43.945°N 10.9434°E / 43.945; 10.9434
near Pistoia, Tuscany, Italy
Designed by Olavo Redig de Campos
Total burials 463
Unknown
burials
1
Burials by nation
Brazil 463
Burials by war
World War II: 463
Statistics source: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/12224242 Omaggio al Milite Ignoto del Brasile

Coordinates: 43°56′42″N 10°56′36″E / 43.945°N 10.9434°E / 43.945; 10.9434 The Brazilian Military Cemetery of Pistoia is a former WW II memorial cemetery located in Pistoia, Toscana, Italy.

The cemetery site still honors the fallen Brazilian soldiers' sacrifices in Italy, now with the Brazilian Monument and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of World War II.

WW II history[edit]

In 1944 Brazil participated in the Second World War with 25,000 soldiers of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force against the Axis in the Serchio Valley, in Versilia and in Garfagnana, on the Appennini.

In their final advance, the Brazilians reached Turin and on 2 May they joined up with French troops at the border in Susa.[1]

Brazilian Military Cemetery of Pistoia[edit]

The Brazilian Military Cemetery of Pistoia contained the remains of 463 Brazilian soldiers from World War II, most of whom lost their lives in the Spring offensive in Italy (Fornovo) in 1945. Until 1960 the soldiers remained buried in the cemetery near Pistoia.

In 1960, the cemetery was closed and their remains were officially interred in Brazil, with other Brazilian War II soldiers, at the new National Monument to the Dead of World War II (Monumento Nacional aos Mortos da Segunda Guerra Mundial). It is located on Guanabara Bay in Flamengo Park, in the Flamengo district of Rio de Janeiro.

Brazilian Monument and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of World War II[edit]

After the remains were transferred, the body of a soldier was found remaining in the cemetery. The Brazilian Government chose to leave and honor it there, in a new votive Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.[2]

In 1967 the cemetery reopened with the inauguration of a Modernist votive Brazilian Monument and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of World War II. The monument's serene site plan: with stone terraces, the votive "Tomb of the Unknown Soldier" memorial, and a sculptural open pavilion; were designed by Brazilian modernist architect Olavo Redig de Campos (1906–1984), a contemporary of Oscar Niemeyer. [2]

The Monument has been visited by two Presidents of Brazil.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Walter Bellisi, Arrivano i nostri : il Brasile nella seconda guerra mondiale, la presa di Monte Castello e la battaglia di Montese, Formigine (MO) : Golinelli, 1995
  • Fabio Gualandi, Monumenti dedicati al soldato brasiliano pela Forca Expedicionaria Brasileira (F.E.B.) na campanha da Italia, Vergato, Tip. Ferri, 2005