Bulgaria–Uzbekistan relations

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Bulgaria-Uzbekistan relations
Map indicating locations of Bulgaria and Uzbekistan

Bulgaria

Uzbekistan

Bulgaria–Uzbekistan relations are foreign relations between Bulgaria and Uzbekistan. Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 12, 1992. Bulgaria has an embassy in Tashkent.[1] Uzbekistan is represented in Bulgaria through a non resident ambassador based in Tashkent (in the Foreign Ministry.)[2] Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Bulgaria provides a link in the trade corridor between Uzbekistan and the European Union, with important Black Sea ports. The two countries are interested in expanding trade by this route.[3] However, despite repeated discussions on the subject, Uzbekistan has so far declined to supply natural gas to the Nabucco pipeline, which, if built, would feed gas to Europe via Bulgaria.[4]

Official Exchanges[edit]

In November 1997, the Bulgarian foreign minister discussed economic cooperation with Uzbekistan.[5][6][7] Visiting Bulgaria in June 1998, the Uzbek president Islam Karimov said that he saw Bulgaria as a key trade partner, saying that Bulgarian and Uzbek goods can make use of the Silk Road in both directions.[8] Following the establishment of the Bulgarian embassy in April 1999, the next ten years saw 21 intergovernmental and 9 interdepartmental agreements signed during the period ending April 2009. Uzbekistan hopes to make use of their increasingly close ties with Bulgaria to take advantage of opportunities available due to Bulgaria's full European Union membership, while Bulgaria is particularly interested in energy security.[3]

There have been continued senior-level contacts between the two countries. In May 1998 the Uzbek foreign minister visited Sofia and met the Bulgarian president.[9] During his visit, the Bulgarian and Uzbek foreign ministers discussed economic and transport links.[10][11] In June 1998 the Uzbek president visited Bulgaria.[12][13] In May 1999 the Bulgarian president visited Uzbekistan.[14] In November 2003 the Uzbek president met with the Bulgarian prime minister.[15][16][17][18] In May 2004 the Bulgarian and Uzbek foreign ministers discussed diplomatic and economic ties.[19] In January 2005, Uzbekistan and Bulgaria set up consular offices.[20] In March 2006, the Bulgarian envoy in Uzbekistan stated that he was happy with cooperation between the two countries.[21] In April 2007, a Bulgarian minister visited Uzbekistan for cooperation talks.[22]

In November 2008 Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov made an official visit to Uzbekistan where he met with Uzbek leader Islam Karimov.[23] The two men discussed all aspects of the bilateral relationship.[24] They agreed to make efforts to increase and diversify trade, making better use of untapped potential.[25] There was considerable controversy when the Bulgarian president hunted for protected animals in Uzbekistan.[26][27] In February 2009, Bulgaria expressed confidence that the relationship would continue to develop, including a significant expansion of ties relating to tourism as well as further developments concerning trade and cultural exchange [3][28]

Economic relationship and agreements[edit]

In June 1998 Bulgaria and Uzbekistan signed seven treaty and cooperation accords.[29][30] In May 1999 they signed transport and crime agreements.[31] In July 1999, Uzbek Prime Minister Erkin Khalilov said that the Bulgarian Black Sea ports of Varna and Burgas may become Uzbekistan's doors to Europe.[32] Talking to the Burgas mayor in November 2003, Uzbek president Islam Karimov suggested that a formal customs agreement should be implemented to facilitate transport of Uzbek goods through Bulgaria.[33]

In October 2004, the two countries finalized three legal accords.[34] In April 2007, Bulgaria and Uzbekistan signed an economic cooperation agreement.[35] By 2005, trade between the two countries was expected to reach US$50 million.[36]

However, in November 2008 Uzbekistan's President Islam Karimov stated that his country was not interested in becoming a supplier of the EU-sponsored gas transit Nabucco Pipeline, but would continue to export via Russia.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Tashkent". Retrieved 2009-05-05. [dead link]
  2. ^ "Uzbek Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  3. ^ a b c "Uzbek-Bulgarian Relations Are Developing Dynamically". Turkish Weekly. February 24, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "Uzbekistan Not Interested in Supplying Natural Gas for Nabucco". Novinite Sofia News Agency. 2008-11-07. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  5. ^ "Bulgarian foreign minister holds in Uzbekistan on economic cooperation". BTA news agency, Sofia. 1997-11-13. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  6. ^ "Bulgarian foreign minister discusses bilateral ties with Uzbek president". ITAR-TASS news agency (World Service), Moscow. 1997-11-13. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  7. ^ "Uzbekistan, Bulgaria take steps to boost cooperation". Interfax news agency, Moscow. 1997-11-12. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  8. ^ "Uzbek president sees Bulgaria as key trade partner". BTA news agency, Sofia. June 27, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  9. ^ "Uzbek foreign minister meets Bulgarian president". BTA news agency, Sofia. May 19, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  10. ^ "Bulgarian, Uzbek foreign ministers discuss economic, transport links". BTA news agency, Sofia. May 18, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  11. ^ "Uzbek foreign minister in Bulgaria to prepare for president's visit". BTA news agency, Sofia. May 18, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  12. ^ "Uzbek president arrives in Bulgaria". Bulgarian Radio, Sofia. June 23, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  13. ^ "Uzbek president to visit Bulgaria on 23rd-25th June". Bulgarian Radio, Sofia. June 17, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  14. ^ "Bulgarian president arrives in Uzbekistan". BTA news agency, Sofia. May 7, 1999. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  15. ^ "Uzbek president in talks with Bulgarian speaker, prime minister". UZBEKISTAN DAILY DIGEST. 2003-11-26. Retrieved 2009-05-05. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Uzbek president to visit Bulgaria in late November.". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 2003-11-20. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  17. ^ "Uzbek president in talks with Bulgarian speaker, prime minister". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 25 Nov 2003. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  18. ^ "Bulgarian, Uzbek presidents discuss "good" cooperation, agreements signed.". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 24-NOV-03. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  19. ^ "Bulgarian, Uzbek foreign ministers discuss diplomatic, economic ties". Publication: Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 2004-04-05. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  20. ^ "Uzbekistan, Bulgaria set up consular offices.". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 5 Jan 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  21. ^ "Bulgarian envoy in Uzbekistan happy with cooperation". UzReport.com, Tashkent. 2006-03-02. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  22. ^ "Bulgarian minister visits Uzbekistan for cooperation talks". April 3, 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  23. ^ "PRESIDENT OF BULGARIA VISITING UZBEKISTAN". Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. 2008-11-06. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  24. ^ "President of Bulgaria visiting Uzbekistan". Uzbekistan official press service. November 6, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  25. ^ "Uzbek leader urges better use of untapped potential with Bulgaria". Uzbek Television First Channel, Tashkent. November 6, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  26. ^ "Bulgarian president hunts for protected animal in Uzbekistan". Uzbekistan New Eurasia. 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2009-05-05. [dead link]
  27. ^ "Ecologists protest against President Parvanov's hunt in Uzbekistan". News.bg. 10.12.2008. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  28. ^ "Uzbek-Bulgarian Relations Are Developing Dynamically". Turkish Weekly. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  29. ^ "Bulgaria and Uzbekistan sign seven cooperation accords". BTA news agency, Sofia. June 24, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  30. ^ "Bulgaria and Uzbekistan sign treaty and cooperation accords". Bulgarian Radio, Sofia. June 24, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  31. ^ "Uzbek, Bulgarian leaders sign transport, crime agreements". BTA news agency, Sofia. 1999-05-07. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  32. ^ "Uzbekistan seeking entry to European markets via Bulgarian ports". BTA news agency, Sofia. July 1, 1999. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  33. ^ "Uzbek Cargo May be Transported to West Europe via Burgas". PARI Daily. 2003-11-27. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  34. ^ "Uzbek-Bulgarian legal accords to take effect soon". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 12-OCT-04. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  35. ^ "Bulgaria, Uzbekistan sign economic cooperation agreement". BTA news agency, Sofia. 2007-04-05. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  36. ^ "Trade between Bulgaria, Uzbekistan Set at USD 50 M in 2 Y". Novinite Sofia News Agency. 2003-11-22. Retrieved 2009-05-05.