Castilian people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Burgos-Estatua del Cid.jpg
Teresa of Ávila.jpg
Alfonso X el Sabio (José Alcoverro) 01.jpg
Cervates jauregui.jpg
Jose zorrilla.jpg
Anthonis Mor 020.jpg
Quevedo (copia de Velázquez).jpg
Diego de Almagro.JPG
Estatua Pío del Río Hortega Museo Ciencia (Valladolid), detalle.JPG
Isabel la Católica-2.jpg
TorresFinale12 cropped.jpg
Statue of Placido Domingo in Mexico City.jpg
Pedro Calderón de la Barca 01.jpg
Total population
est. 18,000,000~22,000,000[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations


 Madrid: est. 5,900,000[citation needed]

 Castilla-La Mancha: est. 2,000,000[citation needed]

 Castile and León: est. 1,500,000[citation needed]

 Cantabria: est. 500,000[citation needed]

Template:Country data La Rioja: est. 300,000[citation needed]

Flag of the Hispanicity.svg Hispanic America: est. 2,000,000[citation needed]
Castilian language
Roman Catholicism, Atheism, Agnosticism
Related ethnic groups
Leonese, other Spanish peoples, Portuguese

The Castilian people (Spanish: castellanos) are the inhabitants of Castile-La Mancha, Madrid, Castile and León, Cantabria, and La Rioja (corresponding with the historic region of Castile), and the Canary Islands who are the source of the Spanish language among other aspects of cultural identity.

Through the Reconquista and other conquests in the Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Castile (later Crown of Castile) spread over a large part of the Iberian Peninsula, especially towards the southern Spanish regions. After this, since the 15th century, through the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the Castilians also spread over the New World, bringing with them not only their language, but also elements of their culture and traditions.


Castilian (castellano) is the native language of the Castilians. Its origin is conventionally ascribed to the Burgos region, around the 8th and 9th centuries. It is descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire. During the Reconquista in the Middle Ages, it was brought to the south of Spain where it replaced the languages that were spoken in the former Moorish controlled zones, such as the local form of related Latin dialects now referred to as Mozarabic, and the Arabic that had been introduced by the Muslims. In this process Castilian absorbed many traits from these languages, some of which continue to be used today. Outside of Spain, Castilian is now usually referred to as Spanish.

Castilian (or Spanish) is the dominant language in Spain, and therefore was the language that was transmitted to the New World by the Conquistadores during the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Due to this gradual process, the Hispanophone world was created. As Castilian was the language of the Crown, it became the official language of all Spain, used side by side with other languages in their regions for centuries. During the years of the Franco dictatorship (1939 to 1975) there was an attempt to suppress the regional languages in favour of Castilian as the sole official language, causing a backlash against the use of Castilian in some regions after his death.

In Spanish, the word castellano (Castilian) is often used to refer to the Spanish language, alongside español (Spanish). See Names given to the Spanish language.



The majority of Castilians are Roman Catholic.

See also[edit]