Zamek w Pszczynie (Polish)
|Location||ul. Brama Wybranców 1
|Rebuilt||15th century, 16th century, 1734–1768, 1870–1876|
|Architect||1870-1876: Hippolyte Alexandre Destailleur|
|Architectural style(s)||Baroque Revival architecture|
Pszczyna Castle (Polish: Zamek w Pszczynie) is a classical-style palace in the city of Pszczyna. Constructed as a castle in 13th century or earlier, in a gothic style, it was rebuilt in a renaissance style in the 17th century. During the course of the 18th and 19th centuries, the exterior of the castle was partially changed into a baroque-classic style. The classicist modernization transformed the castle into what is usually described a palace.
In its history the castle was a residence of local Piasts dynasty members, then Promnitz family (mid 16th to mid 18th centuries) and later, von Pless family. The castle was owned by the government since 1936. Since 1946 it is a site of the Muzeum Zamkowe (Castle Museum).
Early in the 12th century, Pszczyna was a stronghold of the Piasts. The city belonged to Lesser Poland (Malopolska) until 1177, when it became part of the Duchy of Racibórz. From this time on, it also was part of the Krakow bishopric. In 1548, the palace was sold to the Promnitz family and given a Renaissance appearance, which it lost after a fire. It was consequently rebuilt in a more baroque style. In 1848 the Duchy of Pszczyna became a Principality, ruled by the Hochberg-Fürstenstein family until 1939.
During the First World War, the palace was resided in by William II, German Emperor and there are pictures on display of him together with Erich Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg discussing war operations.
The Royal Apartments, or Apartamenty Cezarskie, are the rooms in which the rulers of the principality and the German Kaiser resided. They have been recreated with a lot of the original furnishings intact.
When ascending the Grand Staircase, designed by Alexandre Destailleur, the apartments of Princess Mary Theresa Olivia Cornwallis-West von Pless are reached. The princess, called Daisy, lived there from 1891, when she married Prince Hans Heinrich XV and left her native England, until 1943. The rooms are decorated with pictures of the princess and hunting trophies of her husband.
The highlight of the palace is its Chamber of Mirrors. An art nouveau dining room is another place of interest.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pszczyna Palace.|
- "Znamy 7 cudów architektury województwa śląskiego". Slaskie.pl. 2009-10-09. Retrieved 2014-03-07.