Celedonio Dómeco de Jarauta

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Celedonio Dómeco de Jarauta, (1814-1848), was a Spanish soldier, Catholic priest and later a Mexican guerrilla leader in the Mexican American War.

Celedonio Dómeco de Jarauta was born in Zaragoza, Spain, on March 3, 1814.[1] He fought as a Carlist in the First Carlist War. He emigrated to Havana, Cuba, and took Holy Orders becoming a priest. In 1844 was granted a parish in Veracruz, and immigrated to Mexico. In 1847, when the Americans landed near Veracruz was appointed chaplain of the 2nd Infantry Regiment, then head of the field hospital. After the fall of the city he went into the countryside and organized companies of guerrillas then commanded a force of them, harassing American convoys, small parties and couriers between Vera Cruz and Puebla especially in the Sotovento region, the coastal plain of the state of Vera Cruz. [2]

After the fall of Mexico City, on January 19, 1848, Jarauta published a broadside, in Puebla, Viva la Republica Mexicana : Mexicanos, a patriotic call for continuing resistance to the U.S. forces in Mexico.[3] After the peace treaty of Treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo was concluded February 2, 1848, Jarauta refused to acknowledge it and disband his troops. On February 25, 1848, an American force under Gen. Joseph Lane made a forced march which surprised and defeated the force of Padre Jarauta at Zacualtipan in the Action of Sequalteplan.

Opposed to the treaty and the policies of President Manuel de la Peña y Peña, he joined General Mariano Paredes, Manuel Doblado and others in armed revolt, but they were defeated by the remaining Mexican Army under General Anastasio Bustamante at Guanajuato on July 18, 1848. Jarauta was captured while on a reconnaissance of the neighborhoods of Mellado and La Valenciana and shot for revolutionary activities on Bustamante's order the next day by Mexican troops in the La Valenciana Mine on July 19, 1848.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edited by Spencer C. Tucker, The Encyclopedia of the Mexican-American War: A Political, Social, and Military History, ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, 2012, p. 326
  2. ^ José Daniel Ramírez Reyes, Las guerrillas Veracruzanas: su resistencia y represión, Ensayo presentado en el XXVI encuentro nacional de estudiantes de historia, UNAM, Mexico, noviembre 2003
  3. ^ Viva la Republica Mexicana : Mexicanos from Yale University Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library website accessed June 5, 2013.
  4. ^ Celedonio Domeco de Jarauta from es.wikipedia.org accessed June 5, 2013.
  5. ^ Jarauta, opositor a los Tratados de Guadalupe-Hidalgo, es fusilado en la mina de Valenciana