Amphoe location in Surat Thani Province
|• Total||1,004.63 km2 (387.89 sq mi)|
|• Density||47.52/km2 (123.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||THA (UTC+7)|
Chaiya (Thai: ไชยา) is a district (Amphoe) and town in Surat Thani Province in southern Thailand. The town itself has a population of 13,133 (5,549 in Talad Chaiya and 7,582 in Phumriang) (2006), while the whole district has a population of 47,750.
Neighboring districts are (from the south clockwise) Tha Chang, Kapoe (Ranong Province), Phato (Chumphon Province), and Tha Chana. To the east is the Gulf of Thailand, with the cape Sui marking the northern end of the Bandon Bay.
Chaiya is one of the oldest cities of Thailand. The name might be derived from its original Malay name "Cahaya" (means 'light', 'gleam', or 'glow'). However some scholars identify Chai-ya came from Sri-vi-ja-ya. It was a regional capital in the Srivijaya kingdom of the 5th to 13th century - some historians even claim that it was the capital for the kingdom for some time, but this is largely disputed. The temple Wat Phra Borom That is centered around a reconstructed stupa in Srivijaya style. The nearby branch of the National Museum has several relicts of that time on display. Two more former stupas nearby are now only brick mounds. Inscription 23, as it was labeled by Prince Damrong in his Collected Inscriptions of Siam, is now attributed to Wat Hua Wiang in Chaiya. Dated to the year 697 of the Mahasakkarat era (i.e. 775 CE), the inscription on a Bai Sema shaped stone tells about the King of Srivijaya having erected three stupas at that site that possibly the one at Wat Phra Borom That. But also be assumed as three stupas at Wat Hua Wiang (Hua Wiang temple), Wat Lhong (Lhong temple) and Wat Kaew (Kaew temple) found in the area of Chaiya ancient city, stand in the direction from north to south on the old sand dune.
Another important temple near Chaiya is the Wat Suan Mohkha Phalaram (also known by the short name Suan Mok, or Wat Than Nam Lai Monastery of Flowing Water), a forest temple. The temple was founded in 1932 by Phra Buddhadasa (1906-1993), a highly revered Buddhist teacher. In 1959 the temple was relocated to the present 150 acre (0.6 km²) site. These temples were believed to be used to store rice in large quantities, this was due to the invading Japanese at that time. These large Buddhist Rice temples are vary rare in the region and only one has be officially labeled as a rice storage temples.
The district Chaiya is subdivided into 9 subdistricts (tambon). These are further subdivided into 54 villages (muban). There are three subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon) - Talad Chaiya covers most of tambon Talad Chaiya and parts of Lamet; Phumriang the whole tambon Phumriang; Wiang the whole tambon Wiang. The other six subdistrict each have a Tambon administrative organization as their local government.
- "Population statistics 2012". Department of Provincial Administration.
- Chaiya National Museum
- Suan Mokkh - The garden of liberation
- Chaiya City Website
- Chaiya Witthaya School