A children's hospice is a hospice specifically designed to help children and young people who are not expected to reach adulthood with the emotional and physical challenges they face, and also to provide respite care for their families.
A typical children's hospice service offers:
- Specialist children's palliative care, respite care, emergency, and terminal care (this may be at the hospice or within the child's home)
- Bereavement counselling and support, typically offered as individual home support, as well as groups and work with brothers or sisters
- Information, advice and practical assistance
- 24 hour telephone support
- A system of contact or key workers who work with named children and families to ensure support is consistent and continued between visits
- Physiotherapy and many complementary therapies
- Music and play therapy
- Activities for siblings.
Children’s hospice services work with families from all faiths, cultures and ethnic backgrounds and respect the importance of religious customs and cultural needs that are essential to the daily lives of each family. Many have a chaplain who is familiar with a variety of faiths and customs. Each service is typically an independent charity which relies on public support to continue their work.
Children’s hospice services are dedicated to improving the quality of life of children and young people who are not expected to live to reach adulthood and their families.
They provide flexible, practical and free support at home and in the hospice to the entire family, often over many years and at any stage of the child’s or young person’s illness. This includes short breaks and daytime activities enabling families to get a rest; help with the control of pain or other distressing symptoms; and support for family members, including brothers and sisters.
When the end of a child’s life approaches, children’s hospice services are there to provide end-of-life care and bereavement support for as long as it’s needed, helping families and friends approach death with dignity and peace.
Many children’s hospice services are charities, relying on public generosity to continue to provide their services to families that need their vital support.
United Kingdom children's hospices
National charity, Together For Short Lives wants the best possible care for children and young people who are not expected to live to reach adulthood and their families. They support all children’s hospice services by campaigning and lobbying governments to ensure their voice is heard; helping their care staff to continue to be at the cutting edge of children’s hospice care; making everyone aware of their vital work; and raising funds to ensure they are sustainable.
Helen House in Oxfordshire was the world's first children's hospice. It opened in November 1982. Helen House sprang from a friendship between Sister Frances Dominica and the parents of a seriously ill little girl called Helen, who lived at home with her family but required 24-hour care.
There are now over 40 operational children's hospice services open across the UK. Children's hospice services in England receive an average of 5% government funding and rely heavily on public donations.
chYps (http://www.chyps.org/) started life in 1994 as the Children & Young Peoples’ Service of EllenorLions Hospices in North West Kent ( Dartford, Gravesend, Swanley). It then grew to include the London Borough of Bexley.
They are a charitable organisation, a member of ACT and registered with the Care Quality Commission.
They have always had a very clear focus: to enable Children and Young People with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions to receive full hospice care in their and their families’ place of choice, which is overwhelmingly their own home.
United States children's hospices
The children's hospice movement is still in a relatively early stage in the United States, where many of the functions of a children's hospice are provided by children's hospitals. In 1983, of the 1,400 hospices in the United States, only four were able to accept children. Key developments since then include:
- 1996: the Children's Hospice International's (CHI) Founding Director, Ann Armstrong-Dailey began collaboration with the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to produce a better solution for families and the Medicaid program at large.
- 1999: Congress approves first year CHI PACC appropriation.
- June 2005: HHS approves CHI's Program for All-Inclusive Care (CHI PACC) waiver for the state of Florida.
- September 2005: Former HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson receives CHI's "Mattie Stepanek" Award for his distinguished service on behalf of children's health care.
Through the efforts of CHI, most of the over 3,000 hospices in the U.S. will now consider accepting children. Also, approximately 450 programs have children-specific hospice, palliative, or home care services.
There are a few independent children's hospice homes working to get started, including:
- George Mark Children's Hospice, opened March 2004 in California
- Ryan House, opened March 2010 in Arizona
- Dr. Bob's Place, opened in Fall of 2011 in Baltimore, MD
- Hospice of Michigan has a dedicated Pediatric Program, based out of Grand Rapids.
- Sarah House, in development in Ohio
- Connor's House, in development in Philadelphia
- Children's Lighthouse of Minnesota, in development in Minnesota
- Providence TrinityCare Hospice, TrinityKids Care opened in 2001, serving Los Angeles and Orange counties in California. www.trinitycarehospice.org
- Ladybug House, in development in Seattle, Washington
Canadian children's hospices
- Canuck Place Children's Hospice - opened 1995 in Vancouver, BC
- Daval Hospice - planned centre in Niagara Falls, ON
- Rotary/Flames House - opened 2009 in Calgary, AB
- Philip Aziz Centre (The Children’s Hospice) - planned centre in Toronto, ON
- Roger's House - opened 2006 in Ottawa, ON
- La Maison André-Gratton du Phare Enfants et Familles - opened 2007 in Montreal, QC
Other nations' children's hospices
- Lilla Erstagården opened in 2010, and is located in Stockholm, Sweden. It is the first children's hospice in any of the Nordic countries.
- LauraLynn House opened in 2011, in Dublin, Ireland. It is the first children's hospice in the Republic of Ireland. Horizon House in Northern Ireland, opened in Belfast October 2001.
- The first Hungarian Child Hospice in Pécs,Hungary in 2011 Dóri House, http://www.szememfenye.hu/rovat/dori-haz and the second in Törökbálint,Hungary Tábitha House http://www.tabitha.hu/
- "http://www.helenanddouglas.org.uk". Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- "History". Helen & Douglas House. Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- Daily Record http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/tm_objectid=16895246&method=full&siteid=66633&headline=the-girl-none-of-us-will-ever-forget--name_page.html. Missing or empty
- "Secretary Thompson receives the "Mattie Stepanek Champion Award" from Children's Hospice International for his dedication to helping children in need" (pdf). Children's Hospice International. October 13, 2005. Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- "Who We Are". Children's Hospice International. Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- "George Mark Children's House".
- "Ryan House".
- The Irish Times http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/ireland/2011/0928/1224304857029.html. Missing or empty