East Pikeland Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
|East Pikeland Township|
|Elevation||236 ft (71.9 m)|
|Area||8.9 sq mi (23.1 km2)|
|- land||8.8 sq mi (23 km2)|
|- water||0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 1.12%|
|Density||795.4 / sq mi (307.1 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008)|
Pike's Land was the first name given to a grant of 10,000 acres (40 km2) by William Penn to Joseph Pike from County Cork, Ireland, in 1705. It was eventually sold by Pike's descendants and in 1838 was split in two parts, East Pikeland and West Pikeland.
Mr. E. Kimber established the French Creek Boarding School for Girls in the 1830s and gave his name to the Village of Kimberton. East Pikeland today retains over 150 historically significant structures and sites. Those located in the historic Kimberton Village are the Kimberton Inn, the girls' school, Chrisman's Mill (now the Kimberton Post Office), the Kimberton Train Station and Pennypackers Mill. The Zion Lutheran Church on Route 724 holds the distinction of being the second oldest Lutheran Church in the United States; and the Rapps Dam Covered Bridge and the Silver Bridge iron bridge on Hares Hill Road both have historic significance.
East Pikeland was directly involved in the Revolutionary War, especially from 1775 through 1778, and most heavily during the "Philadelphia Campaign" in 1777 and 1778. It was a source of provisions for the Army from its farms, mills and cottage industries. Military importance came in 1775 with the authorization by the Committee of Safety in Philadelphia from the Continental Powder Mill, and the site chosen was at Rapps Dam on French Creek. The mill was a key element in a system of munitions supply that involved the Warwick and Reading iron furnaces near the headwaters of French Creek, which together with other furnaces such as Hopewell produced cannon and ammunition for Washington. The prime location of the mill on the creek with its long millrace was not forgotten after the war. Some of the mill buildings were reconstructed and over the next 150 years, continued to operate variously as oil, saw, grist and spoke mills.
East Pikeland Township has seen considerable change since the early part of the 20th century. The area around Kimberton saw expanded housing areas, as did the corridors near Routes 23 & 724. Only the main roads were paved, according to a 1938 map. The reason for the growth in the township over the years has been an influx of population that has found East Pikeland Township an attractive and practical place to live. The suburbanization of the township, as most areas, occurred as the availability of automobiles made the general population mobile. In 1940, the township population was 976. Space to house the ever-increasing population came from the conversion of lands that had traditionally been dairy or wheat farms. Although some farms remain today, the predominant land use pattern in the central portion of the township is residential. The spread of suburban development has occurred primarily in the French Creek valley, along Cold Stream Road. Also occurring since World War II has been the development of townhouse complexes, shopping centers and industrial sites, such as the Cromby Power Station (PECO) and shopping centers along Routes 23 & 724. The closing of the remaining one and two room school houses occurred in the 1950s, in favor of the regional school system.
East Pikeland Township is a township of the second class operating under the Pennsylvania Second Class Township Code. The Board of Supervisors is the governing body, with three members elected at large by the voters for staggered six-year terms. They are responsible for both the legislative and executive functions of the township. The township manager is appointed by the board and is responsible for the day-to-day business activities of the township. The manager coordinates the work of all operating departments and is directly responsible to the Board of Supervisors.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2), of which, 8.8 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.23%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,551 people, 2,530 households, and 1,834 families residing in the township. The population density was 745.1 people per square mile (287.8/km²). There were 2,604 housing units at an average density of 296.2/sq mi (114.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.26% White, 1.36% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.
There were 2,530 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the township the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $72,850, and the median income for a family was $86,343. Males had a median income of $53,017 versus $40,500 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,774. About 0.5% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Township Roads - 37.49 miles (60.33 km)
- State Roads - 13.32 miles (21.44 km)
- Households - 2,530
- School District - Phoenixville Area
Phoenixville Area School District operates public schools. There is an elementary school (East Pikeland Elementary) based in the township, but for secondary education, the students are transported to Phoenixville.
- East Pikeland Township History, accessed January 4, 2008
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.