|— Hamlet —|
|• Mayor||Robert (Bob) Leonard|
|• Senior Administrative Officer||Ed Murphy|
|• MLAs||Daniel Shewchuk|
|• Total||132.07 km2 (50.99 sq mi)|
|• Population Centre||0.74 km2 (0.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||18/km2 ( 45/sq mi)|
|• Population Centre||1,810|
|• Population Centre Density||2,400/km2 ( 6,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-4)|
|Postal code||X0C 0E0|
Arviat[pronunciation?] (2011 population 2,318; Population Centre 1,810) (Inuktitut syllabics: ᐊᕐᕕᐊᑦ; formerly called Eskimo Point until 1 June 1989) is a predominantly Inuit hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arviat ("place of the bowhead whale") is derived from the Inuktitut word arviq meaning "Bowhead Whale". Earlier in history, its name was Tikirajualaaq ("a little long point"), and Ittaliurvik, ("a place where the people make tents").
Inuit community 
Arviat is the southernmost community on the Nunavut mainland and is close to the geographical centre of Canada. In Arviat, Inuktitut and English are primarily spoken, having the third largest population in Nunavut, behind Rankin Inlet and Iqaluit. From the 2006 census to the 2011 census there was a population increase of 12.5%. The mayor of Arviat is Robert Leonard.
Hunting and fishing are very active in the community; they are the primary source of sustenance. Three local stores - Padlei Co-op, Northern Stores and EPLS - carry a wide range of products.
Arviat is well known around the Arctic for its artistic qualities. It is a thriving community with many talented musicians: Susan Aglukark, a well known musician; Simon "Johnny Cash of the North" Sigyariaq; the band Uniaqtuq, with Arsene, Pelagie and Mary Angalik; the Arviat Band, with John and Billy Kuksuk, Paul Kattau and others; the Irksuk band, played by Paul Irksuk and sons. All have had CDs recorded commercially.
The only access is by air and snowmobile, but the Nunavut government and the federal Senate member for Nunavut, Dennis Patterson, are investigating the possibility of a highway from Thompson, Lynn Lake, or Gillam to Rankin Inlet, through Arviat. Like other Arctic coast communities there is an annual sealift but it is not available to passengers.
Arviat was originally inhabited by the Paallirmiut, a coastal/inland Inuit band. In 1957, dying of starvation, the last remaining Ihalmiut, another Caribou Inuit band, were relocated to Arviat by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Though there are differences between the two bands, they recognize a need to work together in order to benefit the community.
The Hudson Bay Quest sled-dog race was run from Churchill to Arviat for the first time in 2004.
See also 
- Hamlets elect new councils
- Election Results - 2008 General Election
- 2011 census
- "Population Centre". Statistics Canada. 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 2 May 2013 to 0901Z 27 June 2013
- Demonyms—From coast to coast to coast
- Arctic College News
- "Arviat, Nunavut". nu.ca. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Inuit approve uranium policy
- "About Arviat". inuitarteskimoart.com. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
Further reading 
- Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. An Examination of the Use of Domestic Space by Inuit Families Living in Arviat, Nunavut. [Ottawa]: CMHC, 2004.
Dana, Leo, and R Anderson, The evolution of entrepreneurship in Arviat: the southernmost community of mainland Nunavut, http://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=record&rec_id=43473
- Inuit Gallery of Vancouver. Arviat Artists of the Past, Present, and Future. Vancouver: Inuit Gallery of Vancouver, 1997. ISBN 0-9682123-1-X
- Kalluak, Mark. Pelts to Stone A History of Arts & Crafts Production in Arviat. [Ottawa]: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1993. ISBN 0-662-20847-1
- Maguire, Mary, and Lynn McAlpine. Attautsikut/Together Understanding Culture, Change and Success in Qitiqliq Secondary School and Arviat. Exemplary schools project technical report, 8. Toronto: Canadian Education Association, 1995. ISBN 0-920315-86-0
- Sharp, Jason M. Ground Truthing of Linear Magnetic Anomalies Near Arviat, Nunavut Territory. Yellowknife, NT: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, NWT eology Division, 1999.
- Swinton, George. Arviat Eskimo Point. Vancouver: Marion Scott Gallery, 1989. ISBN 0-921634-06-4
- Tyrrell, M. 2006. "Making Sense of Contaminants: A Case Study of Arviat, Nunavut". Arctic. 59, no. 4: 370-380.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Arviat|