Reebok insider trading case
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (May 2013)|
Reebok insider trading case is how the SEC and media sources commonly referenced an insider trading scheme that took place in 2004 and 2005 and involved tips from a Merrill Lynch investment banker, confidential information from Business Week and a grand juror, and trades by individuals in both the United States and Europe.
David Pajčin was a Croatian trader who met Eugene Plotkin when both were employees of the investment bank Goldman Sachs. In 2004, Plotkin introduced Pajčin to his friend Stanislav Shpigelman, a Merrill Lynch investment banker, at a Russian day spa in lower Manhattan. Pajčin knew Jason Smith, a postal worker, from high school and was romantically involved with Monika Vujovic, also a Croatian immigrant who worked as an exotic dancer.
Shpigelman provided Pajčin and Plotkin with tips on upcoming mergers and acquisitions in return for payoffs. The largest trades that netted the vast majority of the case's profits stemmed from a single tip from Shpigelman about the upcoming acquisition of Reebok by Adidas-Salomon AG.
In addition to trading on tips from Shpigelman, Pajčin also traded on confidential information from Jason Smith, his high school friend, who was serving on a grand jury, and on non-public information from advance copies of Business Week provided by warehouse workers Nickolaus Shuster and Juan Renteria, who were paid by Pajčin and Plotkin for that information.
Pajčin placed trades in his own account and in the accounts of his aunt, Sonja Antičević, and his girlfriend, Monika Vujovic, based on these tips. In addition, a number of other individuals, most of them Croatian nationals, placed trades based on tips received by Pajčin and Plotkin from their inside sources.
The investigation of Pajčin began after regulators at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission noticed suspicious timing and unusually high trading volume before a corporate acquisition announcement. Pajčin’s aunt, Sonja Antičević, a 63 year old retired tailor from Omiš, Croatia who was living on a pension of about $263 a month and occasionally working as a cleaning lady, was found to have bought $130,000 of Reebok call options in the 2 days before Reebok was taken over by Adidas-Salomon AG and captured a profit of more than $2 million on that investment. She subsequently told reporters that she "never bought a stock” and had “no idea how that works."
In total, 8,675 Reebok options were traded on the two days before the merger announcement, more than 50 times the usual amount. The SEC discovered that a number of accounts involved in trading Reebok options over those two days had made other parallel trades over the prior months. This included accounts belonging to Monika Vujovic and several other Croatian nationals. Pajčin was arrested and began to cooperate with federal prosecutors.
Aftermath and Sentencing
More than $6 million, meaning nearly all of the profits from the conspiracy were secured by federal authorities who immediately moved to freeze bank accounts when the fraud was discovered.
Pajčin was arrested in 2005 and cooperated with the government. Subsequently, all of his co-conspirators were arrested in 2006. After pleading guilty to charges in the case in 2008, Pajčin was sentenced to time served. Several months after his release, Pajčin broke the terms of his probation and fled the United States. A warrant was issued for his arrest in April 2008. In 2010, Pajčin was ordered to pay a $7.7 million default judgment and $20.8 million in fines to the SEC.
Plotkin pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit securities fraud and eight counts of insider trading. In 2008, he was sentenced to 57 months imprisonment and ordered to pay a $10,000 fine.
Shpigelman pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit securities fraud and insider trading. In 2007, he was sentenced to 37 months imprisonment.
Smith pleaded guilty to felony criminal contempt. In 2006, he was sentenced to 33 months imprisonment and ordered to pay a $6,000 fine.
Shuster pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit securities fraud and insider trading. In 2008, he was sentenced to time served.
Renteria pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit securities fraud and insider trading. In 2008, he was sentenced to 2 years probation.
- "SEC Complaint Charges International Insider Trading Ring, Including Personnel at Goldman Sachs and Merrill Lynch". Washington, DC: Securities and Exchange Commission. 11 April 2006. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- Anderson, Jenny; Michael De La Merced (April 30, 2006). "An Insider-Trading Case With a B-Movie Plot". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2013..
- Gimbel, Barney (October 4, 2006). "Partners in Crime". Fortune. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Masters, Brooke (April 12, 2006). "3 Accused of Running Big Inside Trading Scheme". Washington Post. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Farrell, Greg (May 11, 2006). "Juror Accused of Inside Trading". USA Today. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Siegel, Aaron (February 27, 2007). "Analyst Flattered, Intimidated Into Plot". Investment News. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "Postal Worker Charged in Trading Scam". February 11, 2009.
- Anderson, Jenny (April 12, 2006). "2 Wall Street Employees Charged With Insider Trading". New York Times. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Anderson, Jenny (April 15, 2006). "Seamstress Clue Unravelled $9M Wall Street Fraud". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Abelson, Jenn (August 6, 2005). "US Freezes Reebok Investor’s $2M Profit". Boston Globe. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Noon, Chris (August 8, 2005). "Croatian Retiree Denies Trading in Reebok". Forbes. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "Mystery Of Cleaner Who Cashed In On Reebok". August 9, 2005. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "SEC Charges 8 More In Reebok Trading Case". August 19, 2006. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Shell, Adam (August 18, 2005). "Eight More Charged In Reebok Case". USA Today. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "2 Arrested on Charges of Insider Trading". New York Times. April 11, 2006. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Bansal, Paritosh (January 18, 2008). "No Further Jail Time For Ex-Analyst In Trading Case". Reuters. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- De La Merced, Michael (November 4, 2008). "Insider-Trading Mastermind May Have Fled U.S.". New York Times. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Stempel, Jonathan (June 3, 2010). "Ex-Goldman Analyst Who Fled Must Pay $27.8 Mln". Reuters. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "Inside Trader Sentenced to 57 Months". January 4, 2008.
- "Ex-Merrill Analyst Sentenced". Boston Globe. January 6, 2007. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "Postal Worker Sentenced in Insider Trading Case". New York Times. December 12, 2006.
- "Business Week Printing Plant Employee Nickolaus Shuster Pleads Guilty to Fraud". Media Life Magazine. October 24, 2006. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Neumeister, Larry (July 11, 2008). "Forklift Operator Won't Go To Prison for Insider Trading". Observer Today. Retrieved April 13, 2013.