Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany

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Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency
Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie
BSH-Logo.svg
Logo of the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany
Abbreviation BSH
Formation 1868 as Norddeutsche Seewarte
Type Government agency
Purpose Maritime and navigational safety, environmental monitoring
Headquarters Hamburg
Region served Germany
Official language German
President Monika Breuch-Moritz
Parent organization Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development
Website www.bsh.de
BSH buildings in Hamburg-St. Pauli, Bernhard-Nocht-Straße

The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany (German: Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, BSH) is a German federal authority based in Hamburg and Rostock. With some 800 employees, the agency's tasks include maritime safety, hydrographic survey, maritime pollution monitoring, and approvals of offshore installations.

History[edit]

The agency can be traced back to Norddeutsche Seewarte (North German Naval Observatory), founded in 1867 by Wilhelm von Freeden, which issued individual sailing directions based on nautical and meteorological observations as early as 1868. After World War II, the Deutsches Hydrographisches Institut (DHI) [German Hydrographical Institute] was founded in in 1945 and took over these tasks. While it was first active throughout all four zones of Allied-occupied Germany, operations in the Soviet zone ceased when the DHI became part of the Western Allies' unified zone which was to become the state of West Germany. After the German reunification of 1990, the DHI was merged with Bundesamt für Schiffsvermessung (BAS) [Federal Agency for Tonnage Measurement] to form the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency. At the same time, the Seehydrographischer Dienst [Maritime Hydrographical Service] of East Germany which was part of the People's Navy was taken over.[1]

Tasks[edit]

he Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency provides maritime services for shipping, economy and marine environment. It is a federal agency within the portfolio of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development. The various tasks include:[2]

The agency is moreover represented in a number of national and international panels.

Vessels[edit]

The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency maintains a fleet of five survey vessels.[4]

  • Atair, based in Hamburg
  • Deneb, based in Rostock
  • Wega, based in Hamburg
  • Capella, based in Hamburg
  • Komet, based in Hamburg

Messages in bottles[edit]

According to own accounts, the BSH's library presumably hosts the world's largest collection of messages in a bottle amounting to 660 items.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Datensicherung im Fokus" [Focusing on Data Storage]. Schiff & Hafen (in German) (2): 16–17. 2010. 
  3. ^ Dehling, Thomas; Ellmer, Wilfried (2012). "Zwanzig Jahre Seevermessung seit der Wiedervereinigung" [Twenty Years of Bathymetry after the Reunification]. Hydrographische Nachrichten (in German) (93): 16–20. ISSN 1866-9204. 
  4. ^ "Ships". Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Messages in Bottles". Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 

External links[edit]