Fidel Antonio Castaño Gil aka Rambo was a right-wing Colombian drug lord and paramilitary who was among the founders of Los Pepes and the Peasant Self-Defense Forces of Cordoba and Uraba (ACCU), a paramilitary group which ultimately became a member of the larger United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) from which he became its leader until his death in 1994. He was also the brother of Vicente Castaño, the presumed chief of the narco-paramilitary group Águilas Negras, and Carlos Castaño Gil, founder and leader of the AUC paramilitary forces until his death.
In the early 1990s, the Cali Cartel waged a bloody war against the Medellín Cartel. At the same time, the Search Bloc was hunting down Medellín Cartel leader Pablo Escobar. A vigilante organization known as "People Persecuted by Pablo Escobar", or Los Pepes, began assassinating Escobar's associates and destroying his property. It also assisted the Search Bloc in their hunt for Escobar. Castaño was one of the founders of Los Pepes and worked with the Cali Cartel against Escobar. While Escobar genuinely persecuted many Colombians, Los Pepes were mostly cocaine traffickers and manufacturers looking to benefit from Escobar's fall.
Peasant Self-Defense Forces of Cordoba and Uraba
After Pablo Escobar was killed, Castaño turned his attention to the left-wing guerrillas in Colombia. Castaño's father had been killed by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and Castaño formed the paramilitary organization known as the Peasant Self-Defense Forces of Cordoba and Uraba or ACCU. The group killed members of the FARC, the National Liberation Army, and the Popular Liberation Army. It also killed a great many innocent civilians. In April 1997 the Colombian paramilitary organizations coalesced to form the umbrella organization known as the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia
Castaño has not been seen since about 1994, and was widely presumed to be dead. In September 2013 his remains were found after Jesús Ignacio Roldán aka "Monoleche" - chief lieutenant of the Castaño brothers - delivered to the prosecutor of the republic of Colombia the necessary information to locate the whereabouts of the remains in a mass grave in a estate of the municipality of San Pedro de Urabá in Antioquia. It was revealed that in 1990 Carlos Castaño was still accompanying his brother Fidel who at that time was leading the self-defense group funded by peasants from Cordoba (ACCU), who were intended to take out the Popular Liberation Army. Castaño's self-defense forces demobilized in 1992 and retook weapons in 1993 due to a raid by the FARC in Urabá Antioquia after the peace dialogues with that guerrilla in Mexico failed. Fidel Castaño died murdered at the hands of the dissidence of the Popular Liberation Army in January 6, 1994, his brother Carlos takes his place as leader of the self-defense forces, although it is believed he planned his death for money problems and/or for causing the death or possible suicide of Rumalda Castaño, the little sister of the family.
- Semana.com - ¿Quiénes son los Pepes?
- Semana.com - "YO FUI EL CREADOR DE LOS PEPES"
- Algo de la historia de Fidel Castaño