French legislative elections to elect the first legislature of the French Third Republic were held on 8 February 1871.
This election was held during an explosive situation in the country: following the Franco-Prussian War, 43 departments were occupied. Thus, all public meetings were outlawed. Only Paris had an electoral campaign.
This election allowed candidates to run in more than one seat at a time. Originally planned to accommodate 765 deputies, this number was reduced as some candidates were elected in more than one seat. Adolphe Thiers was elected in 86 seats.