Distribution and habitat
Friedmann's lark is found in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania, but its population and real range are very poorly known. The type specimen was collected in Ethiopia (from the Konso-Sagan area) in 1992, having only been seen one time since, in 1998; but most of what is known comes primarily from data collected in Tsavo East and West National Parks, in Kenya. There are also a few records from Tanzania, from Mkomazi Game Reserve, south of Arusha.
In general, the natural habitats of M. pulpa are subtropical or tropical dry lowland grasslands. Being aloof and shy, it apparently chooses the moister (or less dry), ranker-growing of these areas, and where it can find it, those with more bush-cover. This is in contrast to the more dry, and more open environs preferred by many other species of lark.
It is nearly always witnessed only during certain times of year (in Tanzania, during rainy season, for example), to the exclusion of other times; and often amongst other migrant species. These observations would seem to suggest that it is a migratory bird, but more corroborating data is needed to make a definitive determination.
It is best identified by its distinctive song; a long, drawn-out singular note, hoo-ee-oo (with slight stress on the ee), repeated at 1 or 2 second intervals. It is heard more often at night, and given while atop a bush or during undulating display flights.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Mirafra pulpa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Phil Benstead, et al.; Friedmann's Lark - BirdLife Species Factsheet
- "Friedmann's Lark - BirdLife Species Factsheet (Additional Data)". BirdLife International. 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- Compilers: Phil Benstead, Stuart Butchart, Mike Evans, Pete Robertson, Malcolm Starkey, Andy Symes; Contributors: John S. Ash, Neil Baker, Donald Turner (2008). "Friedmann's Lark - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Evaluators: Jeremy Bird, Stuart Butchart, Alison Stattersfield. BirdLife International . Retrieved May 6, 2009.
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