Ovenbird (family)

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Ovenbirds
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner.jpg
Scaly-throated foliage-gleaner, Anabacerthia variegaticeps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Tyranni
Infraorder: Tyrannides
Superfamily: Furnarioidea
Family: Furnariidae
Gray, 1840
Subfamilies

Ovenbirds or furnariids are a large family of small suboscine passerine birds found in Mexico, and Central and South America. They form the family Furnariidae. The ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus), which breeds in North America, is not actually a furnariid – rather it is a distantly related bird of the wood warbler family, Parulidae.

Description[edit]

The ovenbirds are a diverse group of insectivores which get their name from the elaborate, vaguely "oven-like" clay nests built by the horneros, although most other ovenbirds build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. The Spanish word for "oven" (horno) gives the horneros their name. Furnariid nests are always constructed with a cover, and up to six pale blue, greenish or white eggs are laid. The eggs hatch after between 15 and 22 days, and the young fledge after a further 13 to 20 days.[1]

They are small to medium-sized birds, ranging from 9 to 35 centimetres in length.[1] While individual species often are habitat specialists, species of this family can be found in virtually any Neotropical habitat, ranging from city parks inhabited by rufous horneros, to tropical Amazonian lowlands by many species of foliage-gleaners, to temperate barren Andean highlands inhabited by several species of miners. There are even two species, the seaside and the surf cinclodes, which are associated with rocky coasts.

Systematics[edit]

Recently, the woodcreepers (formerly Dendrocolaptidae) were merged into this family, following analysis of mtDNA cytochrome b and several nDNA sequences,[2][3] while confirming the overall phylogenetic pattern, instead opted for maintaining the woodcreepers as a separate family, while splitting the ovenbirds (as traditionally defined) into two families, Furnariidae and Scleruridae.

The systematics of the Dendrocolaptinae were reviewed by Raikow (1994)[4] based on morphology and by Irestedt et al. (2004)[5] based on analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Using the latter approach, the suspected major lineages of the Furnariinae (foliage-gleaners, spinetails, and true ovenbirds) were confirmed, but some new lineages were discovered and the relationships of several genera had to be revised.[6]

The taxonomic arrangement presented below is based on recent studies of ovenbird relationships.[3][7][8] However, because ovenbirds and woodcreepers are treated here as a single family some taxonomic ranks were modified.

Subfamily: Sclerurinae – miners and leaftossers

Subfamily: Dendrocolaptinae – woodcreepers For a complete listing of species, see the subfamily article.

Subfamily: Furnariinae – Neotropical ovenbirds and allies

    • Genus: Xenops – xenops (3 species)
    • Genus Berlepschia – point-tailed palmcreeper
Rufous hornero (Furnarius rufus) nest, showing the entrance chamber and dividing wall to breeding chamber
  • Tribe Philydorini – foliage-gleaners and allies

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Willis, Edwin O. (1991). Forshaw, Joseph, ed. Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. London: Merehurst Press. pp. 162–163. ISBN 1-85391-186-0. 
  2. ^ Irestedt, Martin; Fjeldså, Jon; Johansson, Ulf S. & Ericson, Per G.P. (2002). "Systematic relationships and biogeography of the tracheophone suboscines (Aves: Passeriformes)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23 (3): 499–512. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00034-9. PMID 12099801. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Moyle, R. G., R. T. Chesser, R. T. Brumfield, J. G. Tello, D. J. Marchese, & J. Cracraft (2009). "Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the antbirds, ovenbirds, woodcreepers, and allies (Aves: Passeriformes: infraorder Furnariides)". Cladistics 25 (4): 386–405. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00259.x. 
  4. ^ Raikow, Robert J. (1994). "A phylogeny of the woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptinae)". Auk 111 (1): 104–114. doi:10.2307/4088509. 
  5. ^ Irestedt, Martin; Fjeldså, Jon & Ericson, Per G. P. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships of woodcreepers (Aves: Dendrocolaptinae) – incongruence between molecular and morphological data". Journal of Avian Biology 35 (3): 280–288. doi:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2004.03234.x. 
  6. ^ Fjeldså, Jon; Irestedt, Martin & Ericson, Per G. P. (2005). "Molecular data reveal some major adaptational shifts in the early evolution of the most diverse avian family, the Furnariidae". Journal of Ornithology 146: 1–13. doi:10.1007/s10336-004-0054-5. 
  7. ^ Irestedt, M., J. Fjeldså, and P. G. P. Ericson (2006). "Evolution of the ovenbird-woodcreeper assemblage (Aves: Furnariidae): major shifts in nest architecture and adaptive radiation". J. Avian Biol. 37 (3): 260–272. doi:10.1111/j.2006.0908-8857.03612.x. 
  8. ^ Chesser, R. T.; Barker, F. K. and Brumfield, R. T. (2007). "Fourfold polyphyly of the genus formerly known as Upucerthia, with notes on the systematics and evolution of the avian subfamily Furnariinae". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol 44 (3): 1320–1332. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.04.014. PMID 17632018. 
  9. ^ Derryberry, E., S. Claramunt, R. T. Chesser, A. Aleixo, J. Cracraft, R. G. Moyle & R. T. Brumfield (2010). "Certhiasomus, a new genus of woodcreeper (Aves: Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae)". Zootaxa 2416: 44–50. 
  10. ^ Claramunt, S., E. P. Derryberry, R. T. Chesser, A. Aleixo & R. T. Brumfield (2010). "Polyphyly of Campylorhamphus with the description of a new genus for C. pucherani". Auk 127 (2): 430–439. doi:10.1525/auk.2009.09022. 
  11. ^ The correct genus for former Xenops milleri
  12. ^ Chesser, R. T. & R. T. Brumfield (2007). "Tarphonomus, a new genus of ovenbird (Aves: Passeriformes: Furnariidae) from South America". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 120 (3): 337–339. doi:10.2988/0006-324X(2007)120[337:TANGOO]2.0.CO;2. 
  13. ^ Chesser, R. T., S. Claramunt, E. P. Derryberry, & R. T. Brumfield (2009). "Geocerthia, a new genus of terrestrial ovenbird (Aves: Passeriformes: Furnariidae)". Zootaxa 2213: 64–68. 
  14. ^ a b Olson, S. L., Irestedt, M., Ericson, P. G. P. and Fjeldså, J. (2005). "Independent evolution of two Darwinian marsh-dwelling ovenbirds (Furnariidae: Limnornis, Limnoctites)". Ornitologia Neotropical 16: 347–359. hdl:10088/1568. 
  15. ^ Derryberry, E., S. Claramunt, K. E. O’Quin, A. Aleixo, R. T. Chesser, J. V. Remsen, Jr., and R. T. Brumfield (2010). "Pseudasthenes, a new genus of ovenbird (Aves: Passeriformes: Furnariidae)". Zootaxa 2416: 61–68. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Cheviron, Z. A.; Capparella, Angelo P.; Vuilleumier, François (2005): Molecular phylogenetic relationships among the Geositta miners (Furnariidae) and biogeographic implications for avian speciation in Fuego-Patagonia. Auk 122(1): 158–174. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0158:MPRATG]2.0.CO;2

External links[edit]