General Land Centennial Exhibition (1891)

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Site plan 1891
Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák: Franz Joseph I of Austria
Průmyslový palace in 2007
Petřín Tower

The General Land Centennial Exhibition was a World's fair held in 1891 in Prague, then in the Austria–Hungarian Empire.

Many buildings were erected for this exposition, including the Průmyslový palace (Industrial Palace).


Taking place towards the end of the Austria-Hungarian empire this exhibition was a demonstration of what was to soon become Czechoslovakia's desire for independence. Its date marked 100 years since the first industrial exhibition held in 1791 in Prague's Klementinum when Prague was part of the Habsburg Monarchy. The majority German population in Prague attempted to move the 1891 expo to the following year when it could not be used to mark the century. And then when it was held largely boycotted it.[1]

Sometimes known as the Prague Jubilee Exhibition the main site for the fair is now the Prague Exhibition Grounds close to Stromovka Park.[1] The biggest building was the Průmyslový palace designed by Bedřich Münzberger


The fair was opened on 15 May 1891 by Archduke Karl Ludwig and attended by government ministers, the governor Count Franz Thun and Prince George Lobkowicz. Josef I did not attend the opening ceremony, but visited the fair later.

The Křižíkova fountain was illuminated.


Many buildings from the fair still exist including the Art Nouveau Hanava Pavilion (close to the huge metronome) which is popular for weddings and Petřín Tower a 60 meter copy of the Eiffel Tower. The Křižíkova fountain was reconstructed recently and is still operational.


External links[edit]

Křižíkova fountain in 1891 by Karel Liebscher
Preceded by
Országos Nőipari Kiállitás (1881)
World's Fairs in Austria-Hungary
Succeeded by
Jubiläums-Ausstellung (1898)