Gold-plating refers to the practice of national bodies exceeding the terms of European Union directives when implementing them into national law  . Concerning the effects business lobbyists argue in both directions. Some say that the government raises costs for businesses  while others depending on the concrete directive find a cost-improving effect for businesses.
In Italy, gold-plating has often been used as a device to pass through controversial measures and to ensure a lower degree of parliamentary scrutiny, particularly in periods of weak government.
EU governments committed themselves to a deregulation agenda at the Lisbon Summit in 2000, and as a consequence the European Commission has supported more maximum harmonisation measures in recent years, which effectively prohibit gold-plating.
- "Better Regulation- Simplification". European Commission. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
- "Tories pledge to cut EU red tape". BBC News. 2004-08-18. Retrieved 2008-08-13.