Greater false vampire bat

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Megaderma lyra
Megaderma lyra - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria - Genoa, Italy - DSC02564.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Subclass: Theria
Order: Chiroptera
Suborder: Microchiroptera
Superfamily: Rhinolophoidea
Family: Megadermatidae
Genus: Megaderma
Species: M. lyra
Binomial name
Megaderma lyra
E. Geoffroy, 1810
Greater False Vampire area.png
Greater False Vampire Bat range

The greater false vampire bat (Megaderma lyra) is a species of bat in the family Megadermatidae, the false vampire bats. It is native to Asia. It is also known as the Indian false vampire bat.[1]

Description[edit]

This species is 65 to 95 millimeters in length and weighs 40 to 60 grams. The average forearm length is about 66 millimeters. It has large ears and no tail. Its fur is blue-gray in color overall and brownish gray on the underside. It has an erect noseleaf about 10 millimeters long.

Distribution[edit]

This bat is widespread throughout South Asia and Southeast Asia. It occurs in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.[1]

Biology[edit]

This species is carnivorous, its diet including bats, small birds, reptiles, and fish, and large insects.

This is a gleaning bat, one which captures prey from the ground and from water surfaces. It takes advantage of many habitat types. Adults hunt from dusk to dawn, commuting up to 4 kilometers.

M. lyra uses a combination of hunting strategies. About 85% of prey is captured during short searching flights in which it flies about half a meter above the ground. It also utilizes a sit-and-wait strategy, perching about two meters above the ground to wait for prey. It uses echolocation. It has also been observed catching prey in complete darkness without echolocation.

Females segregate themselves from males after mating. Gestation lasts 150 to 160 days, and the female bears one or two pups. Females carry small pups with them during foraging, but leave larger pups in the roost. Young nurse for 2 to 3 months.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Csorba, G., et al. 2008. Megaderma lyra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. Downloaded on 25 October 2014.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]