Gustav Adolfs Kyrka

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Gustav Adolfs Kyrka

Gustav Adolfs Kyrka
Gustav Adolfs Kyrka is located in Liverpool
Gustav Adolfs Kyrka
Gustav Adolfs Kyrka
Location in Liverpool
Coordinates: 53°23′59″N 2°59′04″W / 53.3996°N 2.9844°W / 53.3996; -2.9844
OS grid reference SJ 346 897
Location Park Lane, Liverpool, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Lutheran
Website Liverpool International Nordic Community
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 14 March 1975
Architect(s) W. D. Caroe
Architectural type Church
Groundbreaking 1883
Completed 1884
Construction cost £15,000
£1,160,000 in Modern GBP
Specifications
Materials Brick, tiled roof

Gustav Adolfs Kyrka[1] or the Scandinavian Seamen's Church is located in Park Lane, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It consists of a church and an attached minister's house, and provides a centre for the Liverpool International Nordic Community.[2] The combined church and minister's house is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[3]

History[edit]

During the later part of the 19th century, large numbers of Scandinavian emigrants were passing though Liverpool, and there was a need to serve their spiritual needs. The first Scandinavian priest was appointed in 1870, who visited the emigrants in ships and boarding houses. There was perceived to be a need for a permanent centre.[4] The commission to design a church and minister's house was gained by W. D. Caroe, whose father, Anders Kruuse Caroe, was the Danish Consul in the city. It was Caroe's first independent commission to design a church.[3] Building started in 1883 and was completed the following year, at a cost of £15,000 (£1,320,000 as of 2014).[4][5] During the 1960s the interior of the church was divided horizontally, when the gallery was removed and a mezzanine floor was added.[3] This was to provide an area for social activity, between the basement and the church itself.[4] At the same time the minister's house was converted from a single-storey building to one with two storeys. Further changes were made in the early 1990s. The lower area was converted into a community meeting room with a kitchen, a café, and other facilities.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The building is constructed in red brick, with a roof of tiles and copper sheathing, and consists of a church with a minister's house attached to the southeast. The entrance front on Park Lane is in seven bays, and is in two and three storeys with basements. The central bay consists of a three-storey stair tower, containing windows with pointed arches, and surmounted by a lead-covered spire. At the midpoint of the spire are lucarnes with wooden bargeboards. To the right of this, the middle of the three bays rises to a greater height, and has a crowstepped gable containing three stepped lancet windows. The windows in the ground floor of these three bays have segmental heads, those in the middle storey have pointed heads, and the two lateral bays contain quatrefoil windows. Behind the gable, and rising to a greater height is an octagonal lantern. Around this are four gablets, and on its roof are four small dormers. The lantern is surmounted by a lead finial and cross. The dormers and gablets are decorated with Scandinavian carvings. To the left of the central tower is a modern entrance porch, and to the left of this is the two-storey minister's house, which contains a crowstepped gable on its left side.[3]

Interior[edit]

The lower floor contains a meeting room, a kitchen, bedrooms, toilet facilities, showers, an office, and a television room. The upper floor, under the central octagonal lantern, comprises the church.[3] Inside the church are five plaster reliefs by Robert Anning Bell. These originally formed a reredos, but are now hung separately in the church. Also in the church are two sculptures by the local sculptor, Arthur Dooley, which depict Christ, and the Madonna.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Swedish, "Gustav Adolph's Church". "Kyrka" sounds roughly like "Cheerka".
  2. ^ About us, Liverpool International Nordic Community, retrieved 15 April 2013 
  3. ^ a b c d e f English Heritage, "Scandinavian Seamen's Church (Gustav Adolfus Kyrka) (1292991)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 15 April 2013 
  4. ^ a b c d History, Liverpool International Nordic Community, retrieved 15 April 2013 
  5. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2013), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.