SS Haimun

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SS Haimun
Career
General characteristics
Type: Steamboat

SS Haimun was a Chinese steamer ship commanded by war correspondent Lionel James in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese War for The Times. It is the first-known instance of a "press boat" dedicated to war correspondence during naval battles.[1]

The recent advent of wireless telegraphy meant that reporters were no longer limited to submitting their stories from land-based offices, and The Times spent 74 days outfitting and equipping the ship,[2] installing a De Forest transmitter aboard the ship.

The ship sent its first news story on 15 March 1904.[1]

While they covered naval manouvres in Port Arthur and the Gulf of Pe-chi-li, De Forest employee H. J. Brown[3] was careful to only transmit their stories to the Wei-hai-wei receiving office from the waters belonging to neutral countries, or within international waters. The receiving tower was manned by 21-year-old De Forest employee H. E. Ahearn.[3]

Nevertheless, the ship's presence during wartime meant that it quickly aroused suspicion, and it was boarded and searched several times by Japanese ships, as well as being shot across the bow[4] by the Russian warship Bayan.

On 15 April 1904, the Russian government announced its intentions to seize any ships owned by neutral countries that had the radio equipment that could potentially give away their military positions to enemies, a thinly veiled threat against Haimun. Lord Lansdowne quickly dismissed the Russian announcement as "unjustifiable and altogether absurd".[5]

In the end, faced with the prospect of Russian charges of espionage as well as Japanese indignation at not having been foretold about the receiving station constructed without their permission,[6] James dismantled and abandoned the boat, from which he had sent 10,000 words of copy,[7] and continued his war correspondence the traditional way through Manchuria.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Slattery, Peter (2004). Reporting the Russo-Japanese War, 1904-5: Lionel James's first wireless transmissions to the times. ISBN 1-901903-57-5. 
  2. ^ "First messages from the Yellow Sea". The Times. 11 March 2004. Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. 
  3. ^ a b "Wireless Workers Back from the Scene of War" (pdf). The New York Times. 21 August 1904. 
  4. ^ Maver, William (August 1904). "Wireless Telegraphy Today". The American Monthly Review of Reviews. pp. 191–197. [dead link]
  5. ^ Higgins, A. Pearce (1912). War and the Private Citizen. pp. 91–93. 
  6. ^ Curtin, Sean, ed. (January 2006). "Japan Book Review" (pdf). Japan Society of the UK 1 (1). p. 7. Archived from the original on 2009-03-20. 
  7. ^ "The De Forest Wireless Telegraphy Tower: Bulletin No. 1". Early Radio History. Summer 1904.