Headquarters (album)

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Headquarters
Studio album by The Monkees
Released May 22, 1967
Recorded February - March 1967
Genre Pop rock
Length 30:00
Label Colgems (original US release)
RCA (original release--rest of the world)
Arista (1980 Japanese LP reissue + 1986 CD reissue)
Rhino (1986 LP reissue + 1995 & 2007 CD reissues)
Sundazed (1996 LP reissue)
Producer Chip Douglas
The Monkees chronology
More of The Monkees
(1967)
Headquarters
(1967)
Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd.
(1967)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars [1]
Record Collector 4/5 stars [2]

Headquarters was the third album issued by the Monkees and the first with substantial songwriting and instrumental performances by members of the group itself, rather than by session musicians and professional songwriters. After a struggle for creative autonomy with their record label, the group had been allowed to record by themselves. Headquarters reached No.1 on the Billboard 200 chart and was certified double platinum in the U.S. with sales of more than two million copies within the first two months of release. As of 2008 it has sold seven million copies in the United States and achieved global sales of 11.6 million. It is included in the 2006 book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.

History[edit]

The album was released on May 22, 1967 and charted at the number one position in the United States. It stayed at that position for only one week, and was then replaced by The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. It then began a run of 11 consecutive weeks at the #2 position as Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band remained at #1.

The original album cover features, amongst the collage of photos on the back cover, a photo of The Monkees with producer Chip Douglas and engineer Dick Bogert. However the photo was mislabeled: it identifies Hank Cicalo as sitting next to Chip Douglas. This is known as the 'Producers Cover'. Later in 1968 when Colgems/RCA went back to correct this mistake rather than simply updating the caption they changed the entire photo. Most of the Monkees had some fuzzy growth on their faces and this has come to be known as the 'Beard Cover'. We know that this is the later/corrected version because it was standard practice for RCA to add an "RE" to the catalog number when any one side of a record sleeve had a revision. The 'Beard Cover' has a catalog number of COS/COM-103 RE.[3]

The album was issued on the compact disc format for the first time by Arista Records in 1987, remixed from the multi-tracks, then later from the original stereo mastertape in 1995 with several bonus tracks on Rhino Entertainment. In 2000, Rhino Entertainment, through its Rhino Handmade division, issued The Headquarters Sessions, a 3-disc box set of outtakes from the session as well as the album's original monophonic mix presented in an alternate running order that was rejected before release.

In 2007, Rhino issued a two-disc deluxe edition of the album. The CD set was housed in a digipak with a slipcase and featured original album artwork (including replicas of the original Colgems vinyl labels on each disc), as well as a booklet of essays and session information by Monkees historian Andrew Sandoval. The discs contained both the stereo and mono mixes of the album, remastered, as well as alternate mixes and outtakes.

Track listing[edit]

Original 1967 Colgems vinyl issue[edit]

Side 1
  1. "You Told Me" (Michael Nesmith) - 2:25
  2. "I'll Spend My Life with You" (Tommy Boyce, Bobby Hart) - 2:26
  3. "Forget That Girl" (Douglas Farthing Hatlelid) - 2:25
  4. "Band 6" (Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, Nesmith, Peter Tork) - 0:41
  5. "You Just May Be the One" (Nesmith) - 2:03
  6. "Shades of Gray" (Barry Mann, Cynthia Weil) - 3:22
  7. "I Can't Get Her Off of My Mind" (Boyce, Hart) - 2:27
Side 2
  1. "For Pete's Sake" (Tork, Joey Richards) - 2:11
  2. "Mr. Webster" (Boyce, Hart) - 2:05
  3. "Sunny Girlfriend" (Nesmith) - 2:33
  4. "Zilch" (Dolenz, Jones, Nesmith, Tork) - 1:06
  5. "No Time" (Hank Cicalo) - 2:08
  6. "Early Morning Blues and Greens" (Diane Hildebrand, Jack Keller) - 2:35
  7. "Randy Scouse Git" (Dolenz) - 2:40

1994 Rhino CD reissue[edit]

Tracks 1-14: Original album in stereo

  1. "All of Your Toys" (Bill Martin) (Alternate mix) - 3:02
  2. "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" (Nesmith) (Alternate version) - 2:38
  3. "Peter Gunn's Gun" (Henry Mancini) - 3:38
  4. "Jericho" (Traditional, arr. Tork) - 2:02
  5. "Nine Times Blue" (Nesmith) (Demo version) - 2:07
  6. "Pillow Time" (Janelle Scott/Matt Willis) (Demo version) - 4:00

1996 Sundazed vinyl reissue[edit]

Bonus track at the end of Side 1: "All of Your Toys" (Alternate mix) (Martin)
Bonus track at the end of Side 2: "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" (Alternate version) (Nesmith)

2007 Rhino deluxe CD reissue[edit]

Disc 1

Tracks 1-14: Original Album in Stereo

  1. "All of Your Toys" (Stereo Remix) (Martin) - 3:10
  2. "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" (First Recorded Version, Stereo Remix) (Nesmith) - 2:52
  3. "A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You" (Stereo Remix) (Neil Diamond) - 3:02
  4. "She Hangs Out" (Stereo Remix) (Jeff Barry) - 2:45
  5. "Love to Love" (Stereo Remix) (Diamond) - 2:36
  6. "You Can't Tie a Mustang Down" (Stereo Remix) (Barry) - 2:58
  7. "If I Learned to Play the Violin" (Stereo Remix) (Joey Levine, Artie Resnick) - 2:47
  8. "99 Pounds" (Stereo Remix) (Barry) - 2:29
  9. "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" (Single Version, Stereo Remix) (Nesmith) - 3:02
  10. "Randy Scouse Git" (Alternate Version) (Dolenz) - 2:30
  11. "Tema Dei Monkees" (Stereo Remix) (Boyce, Hart) - 0:59
Disc 2

Tracks 1-14: Original Album in Mono

  1. "All of Your Toys" (Mono Mix) (Martin) - 3:03
  2. "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" (First Recorded Version, Alternate Mono Mix) (Nesmith) - 2:38
  3. "A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You" (Mono Single Remix) (Diamond) - 2:48
  4. "She Hangs Out" (Mono Mix) (Barry, Ellie Greenwich) - 2:36
  5. "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" (Mono Single Mix) (Nesmith) - 2:39
  6. "Nine Times Blue" (Demo Version) (Nesmith) - 2:08
  7. "She'll Be There" (Dolenz) - 2:33
  8. "Midnight Train" (Demo Version) (Dolenz) - 2:28
  9. "Peter Gunn's Gun" (Mancini) - 3:41
  10. "Jericho" (Traditional, Arr. Tork) - 2:02
  11. "Pillow Time" (Demo Version) (Janelle Scott, Matt Willis) - 7:22

Session information[edit]

During the early months of 1967, the four Monkees sequestered themselves in the RCA Music Center of the World Studios, on Sunset Boulevard near Vine Street in Hollywood. Many of the songs were written by the four group members, or came together organically in jam sessions. A few of the songs were also written by songwriters Boyce and Hart. Michael Nesmith recruited fellow folk musician Chip Douglas, a member of The Modern Folk Quartet and The Turtles, to produce the album. Douglas, credited under his birth name, Douglas Farthing Hatlelid, also contributed bass guitar and a song.

"You Told Me"
  • Written by Michael Nesmith
  • Lead vocal by Michael Nesmith
  • The opening parodies the Beatles' "Taxman," from their album Revolver. The two songs also have similar basslines, though this appears unintentional.
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 3 and 9, 1967
"I'll Spend My Life With You"
  • Written by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • A remake by the band; the earlier version featured studio musicians
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 4, 9 and 18, 1967
"Forget That Girl"
  • Written by Douglas Farthing Hatlelid (aka Chip Douglas)
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 7 and 8, 1967
"Band 6"
  • Written by Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith, Peter Tork, and Micky Dolenz
  • Spoken words by Chip Douglas, Micky Dolenz
  • A studio exercise, based on the Looney Tunes theme
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 2, 1967
"You Just May Be the One"
  • Written by Michael Nesmith
  • Lead vocal by Michael Nesmith
  • A remake by the band; the earlier version (on Missing Links Volume Two) featured studio musicians including Glen Campbell; this earlier version was used several times during Season One of the Monkees' television series.
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 2, 1967
"Shades of Gray"
  • Written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil, although some compilations credit songwriting to Gerry Goffin and Carole King, and production to Boyce, Hart and Keller.
  • Lead vocals by Davy Jones and Peter Tork
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 16 and 22, 1967
"I Can't Get Her Off My Mind"
  • Written by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • A remake of a June 1966 recording featuring studio musicians
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 17 and 19, 1967
"For Pete's Sake"
  • Written by Peter Tork and Joseph Richards
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • An edited version became the closing theme for the show's second season
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 23, 1967
"Mr. Webster"
  • Written by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • A remake by the band; the earlier, slower version with studio musicians is featured on Missing Links Volume Two
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, February 23, 1967
"Sunny Girlfriend"
  • Written by Michael Nesmith
  • Lead vocal by Michael Nesmith
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 23, 1967
  • Mike and Micky recorded the song's vocals on a separate track featuring Mike on guitar and Micky with shaker.
"Zilch"
  • Written by Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith, Peter Tork and Micky Dolenz
  • Spoken words by Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith, Peter Tork and Micky Dolenz
  • A fugue made up of disparate phrases; the Monkees would sometimes enter public places performing it
  • "Mr. Bob Dobalina" was a name heard over a paging system, "China Clipper..." came from the movie China Clipper, "Never mind the furthermore..." from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Oklahoma!, and "It is of my opinion..." from a political speech.
  • The line "Never mind the furthermore, the plea is self-defense" is also performed in the song "No Time"
  • "Zilch" was the 'hidden meaning' of it all; it added up to...nothing. It was simply entertaining nonsense, a fact betrayed by the laughter of Micky and Mike as they break up during the session.
  • The Headquarters Sessions compilation features the four spoken tracks separately to reveal everything that was said
  • "Zilch" was used in the TV series episode "The Picture Frame" during the police interrogation scene when Mike, Micky, and Davy are commanded by the Sergeant (Dort Clark) to "start talking!" and the boys initially respond with "Zilch"'s lyrics.
  • "Zilch" was sampled on "Mistadobalina," a 1991 song by alternative hip hop musician Del Tha Funkee Homosapien.
  • The line, "Never mind the furthermore, the plea is self defence" features in the They Might Be Giants song "Memo To Human Resources". Zilch itself is occasionally part of the They Might Be Giants live show, and was performed throughout the 2010 tour promoting their children's album, Here Comes Science.
  • In the stereo release of the composition, Peter and Micky can be heard through one speaker while Davy and Mike can be heard through the other.
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, 1967
"No Time"
  • Written by The Monkees, but credited to recording engineer Hank Cicalo as a tip for his work on the album.
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • "No Time" was actually composed by the four Monkees (according to Peter, composition was done primarily by Micky and Mike), but as a reward for his hard work, the band decided to credit the song to engineer Cicalo, guaranteeing him a large royalty check. The released version of the song was the second version recorded for the album; the first included session help from guitarists Keith Allison and Jerry Yester, but the released version has only Chip Douglas assisting the quartet.
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 17 and 22, 1967
  • Micky's "Rock on, George, for Ringo one time" refers to The Beatles' version of "Honey Don't."
"Early Morning Blues and Greens"
  • Written by Diane Hildebrand and Jack Keller
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 22, 1967
"Randy Scouse Git"
  • Written by Micky Dolenz
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Title is a British slang phrase gleaned by Dolenz from television, likely the UK sitcom Til Death Us Do Part; it roughly translates as "lustful fool from Liverpool" (Wiktionary: randy, Scouse, git) (though in fact, to call someone a "git" in Britain is the equivalent of "jerk" or "prat"). In the series the word was aimed by Alf Garnett at his son-in-law, played by Tony Booth, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair's father-in-law.
  • To avoid offence in the UK the song was billed as "Alternate Title."
  • "The four kings of EMI" is a reference to The Beatles, who were signed to EMI's Parlophone label at the time
  • The opening drum riff of "Randy Scouse Git" can be heard in the Season One episode, "Monkees A La Mode," played absentmindedly by Micky on a table.
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studio C, Hollywood, March 4 and 8, 1967
  • During rehearsal and set-up for recording of "Randy Scouse Git" a demo of Mike's instrumental "Cantata & Fugue In C&W" was inserted in the mistaken belief that it was part of Micky's guitar demo of his song.

Several instrumental jams (available on The Headquarters Sessions) were taped by Chip Douglas which The Monkees apparently intended for inclusion on the album. The group (with bassist John London) jammed an instrumental cover of the song "Memphis Tennessee" in which Peter's guitar grooving (and some of London's bass work and Davy's tambourine) overshoots the ending; after Micky good-naturedly curses out Peter ("Aw, Peter! You had to screw it up!") and bashes his drums for effect, he decides, "We'll cut him off, just cut off the track (for the ending)," to which Mike replies, "No, don't cut off the track, it was groovy until [the ending]." Following this jam the group broke into a ferocious three-minute improvisation (dubbed "Twelve-String Improvisation" on The Headquarters Sessions) led by Mike's take-off of the guitar riff from The Beatles' "Day Tripper" and quickly joined by Peter's riffing, Micky's drums, London's bass and Davy's tambourine. Following the jam Micky is heard laughing and says, "Whoa! I gotta hear this!" and Peter asks Douglas, "Can we hear that back?" while a surprised Mike says, "Oh, they didn't tape that, did they?"

Another instrumental track intended for the album was a rock number, "Masking Tape" (credited to Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil but authorship has also been listed as unknown) which the group recorded with bassist Jerry Yester. One take was recorded: before the take Micky and Chip Douglas run through one of the song's verses. At the end of the performance Micky exclaims, "Whoa! That was it!" but producer Douglas protests, "No, that wasn't it, it slowed down in the middle, but it's getting close." For some reason the song was never finished.

Peter, Mike, Micky and his sister Coco recorded demos early in the sessions. Peter's demo of "Seeger's Theme" was instrumental, while Mike's and the Dolenzes' demos ("Nine Times Blue" and the Buffy Saint Marie composition "Until It's Time for You to Go" by Mike (who had first released it as a single in 1965); "She'll Be There" and "Midnight Train" by Micky and Coco) featured full vocals over acoustic guitar. Mike and the Dolenzes' demos took place in one session, as before Mike's demo of "Until It's Time" Chip Douglas is heard teasing that Mike is demoing under his old pseudonym 'Michael Blessing' to the laughter of Micky and Coco.

Bonus tracks[edit]

"She's So Far Out, She's In"

  • Written by Thomas Baker Knight
  • Recorded at Goldstar Studios, Hollywood, January 16, 1967
  • A staple of the group's 1966-67 concert tour, this was the first official recording of the group with producer Chip Douglas. The group ran through several takes, but none came through to the satisfaction of Douglas. One full take (available on "Headquarters Sessions") came through in which Mike's lead guitar changed volume seconds into the performance.

"All of Your Toys" (single mix)

  • Unused track that was the proposed A-side of the next Monkees single, but song was not controlled by the Monkees' publishing company, Screen Gems; publisher Tickson Music refused to sell the copyright
  • Written by Bill Martin
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Recorded at Goldstar Studios, Hollywood January 16, 1967 and RCA Victor Studios, Hollywood January 19, 23, 30 and 31, 1967

"The Girl I Knew Somewhere" (Nesmith version)

  • Written by Michael Nesmith
  • Lead vocal by Michael Nesmith
  • First known recording for the Headquarters album
  • Recorded at Goldstar Studios, Hollywood, January 16, 1967
  • Originally recorded with just electric guitar (played by Mike), acoustic guitar (Peter), drums (Micky), bass (John London), and tambourine (Davy), a complex harpsichord piece was added when Peter accidentally played the harpsichord during a rehearsal and the note that came out blended with the song to the enthusiastic satisfaction of Mike.

"Peter Gunn’s Gun" (jam session)

  • Written by Henry Mancini
  • Spoken words by Micky Dolenz, Michael Nesmith and Peter Tork
  • This was one of numerous studio jams the boys concocted during recording.

"Jericho" (studio dialogue)

  • (Trad.) This was recorded during a break from regular sessions when Davy starts fooling around with a French horn, Peter and Chip make fun of his playing. Micky soon cuts in with a shtick about "Jericho's Wall" after Douglas mentions it and amid the laughter, the conversation spirals into a spontaneous vocal jam by Peter and Micky of the song "Jericho."
  • A longer, unedited version appears on the Headquarters Sessions compilation

"Nine Times Blue" (demo version)

  • Written by Michael Nesmith
  • Lead vocal by Michael Nesmith

"She'll Be There"

  • Lead vocal by Micky
  • Harmony vocal by Coco Dolenz (Micky's sister)
  • Acoustic guitar by Micky
  • Recorded in February 1967

"Midnight Train" (demo version)

  • Written by Micky Dolenz
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Harmony vocal by Coco Dolenz
  • Acoustic guitar by Micky
  • Recorded in February 1967
  • (available on "Headquarters Sessions")

"Pillow Time" (studio dialogue)

  • Written by Janelle Scott (Micky's mother) and Matt Willis
  • Spoken words by Micky Dolenz
  • This was recorded when Micky was helping engineer Hank Cicalo with studio echo effects. Micky also plays on a zither that can be heard on the opening of the original album.
  • A longer, unedited version of this session is featured on the Headquarters Sessions compilation.

Personnel[edit]

  • Michael Nesmith: vocals, pedal steel guitar, 6-string guitar, organ
  • Davy Jones: vocals, tambourine, jawbone, maracas, etc.
  • Micky Dolenz: vocals, drums, guitar
  • Peter Tork: vocals, keyboards, 12-string guitar, bass guitar, 5-string banjo
  • Chip Douglas: bass guitar
  • John London: bass guitar on "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" and "All of Your Toys"
  • Vince DeRosa: French Horn on "Shades of Gray"
  • Fred Seykora: cello on "Shades of Gray"
  • Jerry Yester: additional guitar on "No Time"
  • Keith Allison: additional guitar on "No Time"

Charts[edit]

Album[edit]

Year Chart Peak
Position
1967 Billboard 200 1[4]

Single[edit]

Year Single Chart Peak
Position
1967 "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" Billboard Hot 100 39[4]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
United States (RIAA)[5] 2× Platinum 2,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ Headquarters (album) at AllMusic
  2. ^ "Record Collector | The Monkees - Headquarters | Album Review". Recordcollectormag.com. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  3. ^ "Albums Hq". Monkee45s.net. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  4. ^ a b "Headquarters - Charts and Awards". Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "American album certifications – The Monkees – Headquarters". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 24 June 2014.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
Bibliography
  • The Monkees: The Day-By-Day Story of the 60s TV Pop Sensation by Andrew Sandoval
  • 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die by Robert Dimery, ed (2006).

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sounds Like... by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
Billboard 200 number-one album
June 24–30, 1967
Succeeded by
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by The Beatles