Help:IPA for Bulgarian and Macedonian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Bulgarian and Standard Macedonian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

When two examples are given, the first is in Bulgarian and the second in Macedonian. When a word has the same spelling in both languages, or when the sound does not occur in one language, only one example is given.

English approximations are in some cases very rough, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Bulgarian phonology and Macedonian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

Consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Bulgaria Republic of Macedonia
b баба box
c кьопоолу,[1] ќар cute
d дом dust
dz дзифт, ѕвезда birds
джем, џем jab
f филм fact
ɡ гарван good
ɟ гяур,[1] ѓавол argue
j сойка, пајак yes
k къща, куќа skill
l лимон leap
ɫ лош all
ʎ любов million
m море mocha
n нос north
ɲ баня, бања canyon
ŋ банка sing
p пет speak
r работа robot (trilled)
прст US: verb (trilled)
s стол salt, mask
ʃ шума sugar
t тайна, тајна style
ts цар bats
чай, чај cheese
v вода view
x хартия, хартија loch (Scotland)
z зима zoo
ʒ жълт, жолт pleasure
Marginal consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Bulgaria Republic of Macedonia
ɫ̩ Попокатепетл little
њутн button
ɣ видях го between go and ahold
ç Хюз Hughes
w уиски water
Vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Bulgaria Republic of Macedonia
a брат father
ɤ̞ кът plus (General American, Scotland)
ɛ цена edge
i сив police
ɔ слон chlorine
u хубав, убав pool
Reduced vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Bulgaria Republic of Macedonia
ɐ щерка, камък butter
o нещо, уста coat
Marginal vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Bulgaria Republic of Macedonia
ə ксмет sofa
Other symbols
IPA Explanation
Bulgaria Republic of Macedonia
ˈ Denotes stress on the following syllable
ˌ Denotes secondary stress on the following syllable
◌ʲ Denotes palatalization of the preceding consonant

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A reference grammar of modern Bulgarian, Ernest A. Scatton, Slavica Publishers, 1984, p.17

Sources[edit]

  • Жобов, Владимир (2004), Звуковете в българския език
  • Lunt, Horace G. (1952), Grammar of the Macedonian Literary Language, Skopje 
  • Scatton, Ernest A. (1984), A reference grammar of modern Bulgarian