Hieracium canadense

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Hieracium canadense
Canada Hawkweed.jpg
From Ottawa, Canada
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Genus: Hieracium
Species: H. canadense
Binomial name
Hieracium canadense
Michx.
Range of Hieracium canadense-World.svg
Global range of Hieracium canadense
Synonyms
  • Hieracium vulgatum[1]
  • Hieracium kalmii L.[2]
  • Hieracium umbellatum L.
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein.
  • Hieracium acranthophorum Omang
  • Hieracium columbianum Rydb.
  • Hieracium devoldii Omang
  • Hieracium x dutillyanum Lepage
  • Hieracium eugenii Omang
  • Hieracium fasciculatum Pursh
  • Hieracium macrophyllum Pursh
  • Hieracium manitobense Gand.
  • Hieracium musartutense Omang
  • Hieracium nepiocratum Omang
  • Hieracium oxoacrum Gand.
  • Hieracium prenanthoides Hook., non Vill.
  • Hieracium rigorosum (Laest.) Almq.
  • Hieracium sinense Vaniot
  • Hieracium stiptocaule Omang[3]
  • Hieracium lactescens Rouy[4]
  • Hieracium dunale
  • Hieracium hispidum Forssk.
  • Hieracium monticola Jord.
  • Hieracium pervagum Boreau[5]

Hieracium canadense, commonly called Canadian hawkweed, Canada hawkweed, narrowleaf hawkweed, or northern hawkweed, is a plant in the genus Hieracium. Its pointed leaves have toothed margins, where the teeth can appear almost hooked. Flowers are yellow.

Distribution[edit]

Hieracium canadense is a native to much of the northern hemisphere.[6]

Asia[edit]

Range of Hieracium canadense throughout Asia

Afghanistan, Amur Oblast, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Ciscaucasia, Dagestan, Eastern Siberia, Georgia, Hokkaidō, Honshū, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kurile Islands, Kyrgyzstan, Magadan, North Korea, Pakistan, Primorye, Sakhalin, Shikoku, South Korea, Tajikistan, Turkey, Western Siberia

Europe[edit]

Range of Hieracium canadense throughout Europe

Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Romania, Yugoslavia, Ukraine and United Kingdom.

North America[edit]

Range of Hieracium canadense throughout North America

Greenland.

Canada: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Miquelon and St. Pierre, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest Territory, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan and Yukon Territory.

United States: Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Subspecies which are synonyms[edit]

  • Hieracium canadense Michx . forma lepagei Vict.
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. forma pilosius Lepage
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. forma rufescens Lepage
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. angustifolium Torr. & A.Gray p.p.
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. columbianum (Rydb.) H. St.John
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. divaricatum Lepage
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. fasciculatum (Pursh) Fernald
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. hirtirameum Fernald
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. kalmii (L.) Scoggan
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. latifolium Torr. & A.Gray
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. scabrum Schwein.
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. subintegrum Lepage
  • Hieracium kalmii L. var. canadense (Michx.) Reveal
  • Hieracium kalmii L. var. fasciculatum (Pursh) Lepage
  • Hieracium kalmii L. var. subintegrum (Lepage) Lepage
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. forma chrysostylum Lepage
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. forma phaeostylum Lepage
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. forma xanthostylum Lepage
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. var. columbianum (Rydb.) Lepage
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. var. perhirsutum Lepage
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. var. saximontanum Lepage
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. var. scabrum (Schwein.) Lepage
  • Hieracium subnudum L. var. canadense (Michx.) DC.
  • Hieracium sylvaticum Salisb., nom. illeg. hom., non (L.) L.
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. subsp. canadense (Michx.) Guppy
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. subsp. scabriusculum (Schwein.) Á. & D. Löve
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. var. canadense (Michx.) Breitung
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. var. commune Fr.
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. var. coronopifolium Bernh. ex Kom.
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. var. mongolicum Fr.
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. var. scabriusculum (Schwein.) Farw.[3]
  • Hieracium laevigatum subsp. canadense ( Michx. ) Zahn
  • Hieracium umbellatum L. 'var. canadense (Michx.) Breitung[2]
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. canadense
  • Hieracium canadense Michx. var. fasciculatum (Pursh) Fernald
  • Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein. var. columbianum (Rydb.) Lepage[7]
  • Hieracium umbellatum subsp. monticola (Jord.) Nyman[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Plant Names Index. "International Plant Names Index Search". Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  2. ^ a b Natural Resources Conservation Service (2007). "PLANTS Profile for Hieracium canadense Michx". The PLANTS Database. USDA, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b Natural Resources Canada (2007-12-21). "Hieracium umbellatum L.". Canada's Plant Hardiness Site. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  4. ^ Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. "Flora Europaea Hieracium umbellatum". Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  5. ^ a b Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem (June 5, 2007). umbellatum&PTRefFk=7000000 "Details for: Hieracium umbellatum". The Euro+Med Plantbase. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  6. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network. "Hieracium umbellatum L.". (GRIN) Online Database. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  7. ^ Wisconsin State Herbarium. "WI Vascular plants-Hieracium kalmii". Wisconsin Botanical Information System. Wisconsin State Herbarium. Retrieved 2007-12-21. [dead link]

External links[edit]