A performanceing rather than straight line speed, such as the Lotus Elise.
Performance cars include:
These classifications overlap.
Performance cars can also be classified according to their source:
- Some luxury car marques, such as Ferrari, Maserati, Aston Martin, Bolwell and Porsche, produce only performance cars. These are designed from the outset for performance.
- Some car makers have subsidiaries dedicated to developing high-performance versions of their cars, such as Holden Special Vehicles, quattro GmbH, BMW-Alpina and Mercedes-AMG.
- Some performance cars are unique or low-volume specials based on production vehicles fitted with aftermarket and/or custom-built parts independently of the manufacturer.
Corporate takeovers and the increasing interdependance of car makers for major components such as engines and even vehicle platforms has blurred the distinction between the first two types. Fiat, for example, currently owns a controlling interest in Ferrari and at one time owned Maserati outright.
The third category includes many vehicles built by the owners as a hobby. A large segment of the automotive aftermarket industry is dedicated to such performance-enhancing modifications.
- http://www.hotrod.org.nz/Merchandise%20Page%20Files/HCTM%20Background.pdf New Zealand handbook for road-legal performance cars