Holographic sensor

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A holographic sensor is a device that comprises a hologram embedded in a smart material that detects certain molecules or metabolites.[1] This detection is usually a chemical interaction that is transduced as a change in one of the properties of the holographic reflection (as in the Bragg reflector), either refractive index or spacing between the holographic fringes.[2] The specificity of the sensor can be controlled by adding molecules in the polymer film that selectively interacts with the molecules of interest.

A holographic sensor aims to integrate the sensor component, the transducer and the display in one device for fast reading of molecular concentrations based in colorful reflections or wavelengths.[3]

Certain molecules that mimic biomolecule active sites or binding sites can be incorporated into the polymer that forms the holographic film in order to make the holographic sensors selective and/or sensitive to certain medical important molecules like glucose, etc.

The holographic sensors can be read from a fair distance[quantify] because the transducer element is light that has been refracted and reflected by the holographic grating embedded in the sensor. Therefore they can be used in industrial applications where non-contact with the sensor is required. Other applications for holographic sensors are anti counterfeiting [4]

Metabolites[edit]

Some of the metabolites detected by a holographic sensor are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ AK Yetisen, I Naydenova, F da Cruz Vasconcellos, J Blyth and CR Lowe (2014). "Holographic Sensors: Three-Dimensional Analyte-Sensitive Nanostructures and their Applications.". Chemical Reviews. doi:10.1021/cr500116a. 
  2. ^ AK Yetisen, Y Montelongo, FC Vasconcellos, JL Martinez-Hurtado, S Neupane, H Butt, MM Qasim, J Blyth, K Burling, JB Carmody, M Evans, TD Wilkinson, LT Kubota, MJ Monteiro, CR Lowe (2014). "Reusable, Robust, and Accurate Laser-Generated Photonic Nanosensor.". Nano Letters. Bibcode:2014NanoL..14.3587Y. doi:10.1021/nl5012504. 
  3. ^ AK Yetisen, H Butt, F da Cruz Vasconcellos, Y Montelongo, CAB Davidson, J Blyth, JB Carmody, S Vignolini, U Steiner, JJ Baumberg, TD Wilkinson and CR Lowe (2014). "Light-Directed Writing of Chemically Tunable Narrow-Band Holographic Sensors.". Advanced Optical Materials. doi:10.1002/adom.201300375. 
  4. ^ FC Vasconcellos, AK Yetisen, Y Montelongo, H Butt, A Grigore, CAB Davidson, J Blyth, MJ Monteiro, TD Wilkinson, CR Lowe (2014). "Printable Surface Holograms via Laser Ablation.". ACS Photonics. doi:10.1021/ph400149m. 
  5. ^ J. L. Martinez Hurtado and C. R. Lowe (2014), Ammonia-Sensitive Photonic Structures Fabricated in Nafion Membranes by Laser Ablation, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6 (11), 8903-8908. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/am5016588
  6. ^ CP Tsangarides, AK Yetisen, FC Vasconcellos, Y Montelongo, MM Qasim, CR Lowe, TD Wilkinson, H Butt (2014). "Computational modelling and characterisation of nanoparticle-based tuneable photonic crystal sensors.". RSC Advances. doi:10.1039/C3RA47984F. 
  7. ^ Martinez-Hurtado J L, et al, Holographic detection of hydrocarbon gases and other volatile organic compounds: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la102693m
  8. ^ Holographic detection of hydrocarbon gases and other volatile organic compounds: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la102693m
  9. ^ Selective Holographic Glucose Sensor: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1426342&userType=inst
  10. ^ Sensor for water in solvents: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ac9509115
  11. ^ Holographic Lactate sensor: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac060416g
  12. ^ Urea and penicillin holographic sensors: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ac030357w; proteases: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ac00119a004
  13. ^ AK Yetisen, M Qasim, S Nosheen, TD Wilkinson, CR Lowe (2014). "Pulsed laser writing of holographic nanosensors.". Journal of Materials Chemistry C. doi:10.1039/C3TC32507E.