In & Out
|In & Out|
German release poster
|Directed by||Frank Oz|
|Produced by||G. Mac Brown
|Written by||Paul Rudnick|
|Music by||Marc Shaiman|
|Edited by||Daniel P. Hanley
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
In & Out is a 1997 American romantic comedy film directed by Frank Oz and starring Kevin Kline, Joan Cusack, Matt Dillon, Tom Selleck, Debbie Reynolds, Bob Newhart, and Wilford Brimley. It is an original story by screenwriter Paul Rudnick. Joan Cusack was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance.
The film was inspired by Tom Hanks's tearful speech when he accepted his 1994 Oscar (for his role in Philadelphia), in which he mentioned his high-school drama coach Rawley Farnsworth, and his former classmate John Gilkerson, "two of the finest gay Americans, two wonderful men that I had the good fortune to be associated with." The film became one of mainstream Hollywood's few attempts at a comedic "gay movie" of its era, and was widely noted at the time for a 10-second kiss between Kevin Kline and Tom Selleck.
Howard Brackett (Kevin Kline) is a well-liked English literature teacher, living a quiet life in the fictional town of Greenleaf, Indiana, with his fiancée and fellow teacher Emily Montgomery (Joan Cusack), who recently lost 75 pounds. The town is filled with anticipation over the nomination of Cameron Drake (Matt Dillon), Howard's former student, in the Best Actor category at the Academy Awards for his portrayal of a gay soldier in To Serve and Protect. Cameron does indeed win the award, and in his acceptance speech thanks Howard, adding, "…and he's gay."
Howard's family, friends, students, co-workers and Emily are shocked, but that is nothing compared to Howard's own reaction of disbelief and indignation; he angrily reassures those who know him that he is heterosexual. Reporters invade his hometown, harassing him for interviews following the awards night telecast, and Howard is placed under the scrutiny of his boss, Principal Tom Halliwell, who is uncomfortable with the attention being brought to the school.
Although the other reporters leave after getting their story, one stays behind: on-camera entertainment reporter Peter Malloy (Tom Selleck), who wants to wait the week out so he can cover Howard's wedding to Emily. Howard continues to be harassed and dismayed by the changed attitudes of everyone around him, and decides that he must sleep with Emily in order to prove his heterosexuality. Howard finds he cannot go through with it due to his conflicting emotions and Emily's concern for his well-being. Howard crosses paths with Peter, who reveals he is gay and, trying to provide a helpful ear, narrates his own experience in coming out to his family. Howard insists that he is not gay, prompting Peter to kiss him. Although shocked, Howard reacts somewhat positively to the kiss.
Howard's final measure to restore his heterosexuality is the use of a self-help audio cassette, although that fails as well. During the wedding ceremony, Emily recites her vow without hesitation, but when Howard is prompted by the minister, he instead says, "I'm gay." The wedding is called off, and although Peter is proud of Howard, Howard is angry with himself for hurting Emily. Howard is fired from the school because of his outing.
Despite no longer being on the faculty, Howard attends the graduation ceremony to support his students. When one student who got into college -- thanks to Howard's hard work -- learns that he was dismissed for being gay, he and his classmates proclaim themselves to be gay as well, showing their support. Howard's family follows suit, as do his friends, and all the townsfolk assembled. Having learned of the ensuing media blitz while in Los Angeles, Cameron flies to his hometown with his supermodel girlfriend to support his former teacher. Although Howard does not win "Teacher Of The Year," Cameron presents him with his Oscar.
Howard's wedding-crazy mother finally gets a wedding - her own, when she and her husband renew their vows. Howard, Peter and the rest of the townsfolk attend the reception. Among the crowd are Emily and Cameron, who appear to have begun a relationship. Everyone dances to the Village People's song "Macho Man".
- Kevin Kline as Howard Brackett, an English teacher
- Joan Cusack as Emily Montgomery, Howard's fiancee
- Tom Selleck as Peter Malloy, a TV journalist covering Howard's story
- Matt Dillon as Cameron Drake, an ex-student of Howard's and Oscar-winning actor
- Debbie Reynolds as Berniece Brackett, Howard's mother
- Wilford Brimley as Frank Brackett, Howard's father
- Bob Newhart as Tom Halliwell, Howard's homophobic school's principal
- Shawn Hatosy as Jack, one of Howard's students
- Zak Orth as Mike, one of Howard's students
- Lauren Ambrose as Vicky, one of Howard's students
- Alexandra Holden as Meredith, one of Howard's students
- June Squibb as Cousin Gretchen, one of Howard's relatives
- Gregory Jbara as Walter Brackett, Howard's brother
- Shalom Harlow as Sonya, Cameron's supermodel girlfriend
- Lewis J. Stadlen as Edward Kenrow, one of Howard's colleagues
- Deborah Rush as Ava Blazer, one of Howard's colleagues
- Kevin Chamberlin as Carl Mickley, one of Howard's colleagues
- Kate McGregor-Stewart as Aunt Becky, one of Howard's relatives
- Debra Monk as Mrs. Lester, the town dressmaker
- Ernie Sabella as Aldo Hooper, Howard's hair stylist
- Joseph Maher as Father Tim, one of the town's priests from whom Howard seeks help.
- William Duell as Emmett Wilson, the town mailman
- J. Smith-Cameron as Trina Paxton
- Jane Hoffman as Mrs. Baxter
- Mary Diveny as Cousin Ellen
- Becky Ann Baker as Darlene
- Alice Drummond as Aunt Susan, one of Howard's relatives
- Selma Blair as Cousin Linda, one of Howard's relatives
- Whoopi Goldberg, Glenn Close, and Jay Leno appear as themselves.
- Dan Hedaya appears as the Military Attorney in "To Serve and Protect"
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2013)|
Filming took place in five residential towns in Passaic and Morris counties in New Jersey; Northport, on Long Island, Warwick, and Purchase, New York. The opening scene was filmed in Clinton, New Jersey by the Clinton Red Mill.
The high school used in the filming was Pompton Lakes High School.
The restaurant scene between Selleck and Cusack, as well as the resulting outdoor scene with Dillon, was filmed at the Homestead Rest in Sparta Township, New Jersey.
The restaurant scene between Kevin Kline and Tom Selleck was filmed at The Shipwreck Diner in Northport, New York.
|In & Out Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by Various Artists / Marc Shaiman|
|Released||September 23, 1997|
A soundtrack was released on Tuesday, September 23, 1997, featuring previously recorded songs as well as Marc Shaiman's instrumental music composed for the film.
- "I Will Survive" - Diana Ross
- "Wedding Preparations" (instrumental)
- "Everything's Coming up Roses" - Ethel Merman
- "'To Serve And Protect'" (instrumental)
- "Howard Is Outed" (instrumental)
- "The Morning After" (instrumental)
- "The Bachelor Party" (instrumental)
- "Interviews With Townsfolk" (instrumental)
- "Homosection" (instrumental)
- "I Don't" (instrumental)
- "Mom & Dad" (instrumental)
- "Cameron" & Emily (instrumental)
- "Crazy" - Patsy Cline
- "Teacher Of The Year/People/The Wedding" (instrumental)
- "Macho Man" - Village People
The film was well received by critics. The performances were widely praised, especially those of Cusack, who eventually earned an Oscar nod, and Kline. The film also gained attention for depicting homosexuality in a "mainstream" comedy about "Middle America" which, Rita Kempley Howe wrote in the Washington Post, "manages to simultaneously flaunt and flout gay stereotypes." Critics also noted its generally asexual treatment of homosexuality: Janet Maslin commented in the New York Times that the film is not one "to associate gayness with actual sex," while TV Guide quipped that it "finally gets discussion about gay people out of the bedroom and into the record store." Despite generally positive reviews, several critics, even those who were complimentary, felt that the ending was weak and did not live up to the rest of the film.
The film has a 73% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 49 reviews; the site's consensus states: "It doesn't always find comfortable ground between broad comedy and social commentary, but lively performances -- especially from Kevin Kline and Joan Cusack -- enrich In & Out 's mixture of laughs and sexual tolerance." At Metacritic the film has a rating of 70% based on reviews from 18 critics.
American Film Institute recognition:
The film did well at the box office, grossing $15,019,821 in its opening weekend and $63,856,929 over its entire theatrical run.
In & Out was released on Region 1 DVD the year following the film's release, on October 21, 1998. The release does not include any extras besides the theatrical trailer. The Region 2 DVD was released on April 9, 2001.
- Janet Maslin (September 19, 1997). "Yo! What a Fabulous Window Treatment". New York Times.
- In and Out, Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun Times.
- In & Out, Lisa Schwarzbaum, Entertainment Weekly
- In & Out, Closet Encounters, Rita Kempley Howe, The Washington Post
- In & Out: Review TV Guide
- In & Out's Half Empty Closet Desson Howe, Washington Post
- "In & Out". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster.
- "In & Out". Metacritic. CBS Interactive.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
- "In & Out". Box Office Mojo. IMDB.
- In & Out at Amazon.com
- In & Out at Amazon.co.uk
- In & Out at the Internet Movie Database
- In & Out at AllMovie
- In & Out at Box Office Mojo
- In & Out at Rotten Tomatoes