Ipatiev Monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ipatiev Monastery
Ipatiev01.jpg
The monastery as seen from across the Kostroma River
Monastery information
Order Orthodox
Established 1330 (or 1275)
Disestablished 1918
Diocese Kostroma
People
Founder(s) Zacharias, nobleman of Kostroma
Site
Location Kostroma, Russia
Coordinates 57°46′35″N 40°53′40″E / 57.77639°N 40.89444°E / 57.77639; 40.89444Coordinates: 57°46′35″N 40°53′40″E / 57.77639°N 40.89444°E / 57.77639; 40.89444

The Ipatiev Monastery (Ипатьевский монастырь in Russian)—sometimes translated into English as Hypatian Monastery—is a male monastery, situated on the bank of the Kostroma River just opposite the city of Kostroma. It was founded around 1330 by a Tatar convert, Prince Chet, whose male-line descendants include Solomonia Saburova and Boris Godunov.

History[edit]

In 1435, Vasily II concluded a peace with his cousin Vasily Kosoy there. At that time, the cloister was a notable centre of learning. It was here that Nikolay Karamzin discovered a set of three 14th-century chronicles, including the Primary Chronicle, now known as the Hypatian Codex.

The restored Romanov boyar palace

During the Time of Troubles in Russia, the Ipatiev Monastery was occupied by the supporters of False Dmitriy II in the spring of 1609. In September of that same year, the monastery was captured by the Muscovite army after a long siege. On March 14, 1613, the Zemsky Sobor announced that Mikhail Romanov, who had been in this monastery at that time, would be the Russian tsar.

Most of the monastery buildings date from the 16th and 17th centuries. The Trinity Cathedral is famous for its elaborately painted interior. A smaller church was demolished by the Soviet authorities. There are plans to reconstruct it and consecrate it to the New Martyrs of the Romanov family. The main entrance from the riverside was designed by the celebrated Konstantin Thon. A private house of Mikhail Romanov was restored on the orders of Alexander II of Russia, but even Konstantin Pobedonostsev questioned the authenticity of this reconstruction.[1]

The Ipatiev Monastery was disbanded after the October Revolution in 1917. It has been a part of the historical and architectural preservation, but recently the authorities decided to return it to the Russian Orthodox Church, despite strong opposition from museum officials.

In September 2002 one of the most prominent museum exhibits, the large wooden church (1628) from Spas-Vezhi village, was destroyed by fire.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ House of Romanov boyars in the Ipatiev Monastery in Kostroma. 16th–19th centuries Art Classic.edu.ru - Retrieved 17 February 2012
  2. ^ Museum of Wooden Architecture, Kostroma. Church of the Savior's Transfiguration. Retrieved 2010-May-22

External links[edit]