Most parties made gains, in part because the total number of seats in the Dáil was increased by 25 from 128 to 153. Cumann na nGaedheal were able to form a minority government while Republicans (Anti-Treaty) abstained from taking their seats in the Dáil.
Lax electoral practices were tightened up beforehand by the new The Prevention of Electoral Abuses Act, 1923.
^Hopkinson, Michael (1988). Green Against Green: The Irish Civil War. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. p. 262. ISBN0-7171-3760-0. "Despite the absence of many Sinn Féin candidates and workers in jail, the results were surprising good for the Republicans. Cumann na nGaedheal, the newly formed government party, had 63 candidates elected, compared with 44 Republicans."
^ abCumann na nGaedheal's results are compared with those of the Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin in the previous general election. Results given for Republicans here are compared to those won by the Anti-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin in the previous election.