Jean-François was born in 1749 in Castelnaudary, Languedoc. He entered the Royal French army as a second lieutenant in the engineering school of Mézières in 1766.
At the time of the French Revolution, he embraced the principles of moderate reform. His talents in military administration gained him rapid advancement through the ranks of the army engineers. He performed a variety of important missions as a consulate, including Genoa, where he lived for nearly two years with the title of minister extraordinary. He was recalled to Paris in 1802 to take the portfolio of Minister of War Administration (a position he held until 1809). Shortly before his retirement from the ministry, he was promoted to the rank of chief inspector-general of fortifications. The Emperor Napoleon soon afterwards made him a senator and a Trésorier de la légion-d'honneur (treasurer of the Legion of Honour).
After the abdication of Napoleon in 1814, Dejean joined the Provisional Government, and performed the difficult task of extraordinary commissioner to Comte d'Artois (the future Charles X). He was also appointed, a Peer of France, Governor of L'Ecole Polytechnique and Chairman of the Committee for the Liquidation of Arrears. But in 1815, having accepted service under Napoleon Bonaparte during the "Hundred Days", he was removed from all public offices on return of the Bourbon regime.
In 1819 Dejean returned to the chambre des pairs (French House of Lords), where he consistently supported the liberal opposition. He died on 12 May 1824.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Feller, François-Xavier (1856), Dictionnaire historique: ou, Biographie universelle des hommes qui se sont fait un nom par leur génie, leurs talents, leurs vertus, leurs erreurs ou leurs crimes, depuis le commencement du monde jusqu'a nos jours5 (8 ed.), E. Houdaille, pp. 455–456