|First appearance||Alias #1 (November 2001)|
|Created by||Brian Michael Bendis
|Full name||Jessica Campbell Jones Cage|
|Team affiliations||New Avengers
The Pulse Magazine
Alias Private Investigations
|Notable aliases||Jewel, Knightress, Power Woman|
Superhuman strength and physical resistance
Skilled detective and investigative journalist
Skilled hand to hand combatant
Jessica Campbell Jones Cage is a fictional character appearing in books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Brian Michael Bendis and artist Michael Gaydos, Jones debuted in the series Alias as an embittered former superheroine who had used the aliases Jewel, Knightress, and Power Woman. After hanging up her costume, she became the owner and sole employee of Alias Private Investigations.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Other versions
- 5 In other media
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Jessica Jones debuted in the Marvel MAX imprint series Alias, which bears no relation to the television series of the same name. The character and series were created by writer Brian Michael Bendis and artist Michael Gaydos. Alias ran for 28 issues from 2001 to 2004, with most covers drawn by David W. Mack. Jones and other characters from the series moved to Bendis' subsequent series, The Pulse.
In a 2005 interview, Bendis claimed that "[o]riginally, Alias was going to star Jessica Drew, but it became something else entirely. Which is good, because had we used Jessica, it would have been off continuity and bad storytelling." Previously, Bendis commented, "I was at one time toying with doing Jessica Drew [in Alias] because she has the best hair of any superhero in comics, but this book is entirely different than what that idea was to be." Although both statements make clear that Drew was a part of Bendis' earliest conception of Alias, by the time he was actively developing the title, Jones was his central character, one with a distinct background and voice from Drew. Despite this, the character draws much from Drew, in terms of character history and experiences, and also has some similarities with the character of Carol Danvers; in some respects, she is something of a pastiche of the two women.
Jessica Jones appeared as a regular character throughout the 2010-2013 New Avengers series, from issue #1 (August 2010) through its final issue #34 (January 2013).
In a Marvel Comics podcast, Bendis expressed his desire to incorporate Jones into the parallel universe Ultimate Marvel imprint. In Ultimate Spider-Man #106, she appears as a senior at Peter Parker's school.
Fictional character biography
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Midtown High student, Jessica Campbell, was present when Peter Parker was bitten by the irradiated spider that gave him his powers. She had a crush on him, and had just plucked up the courage to speak to him, when he was distracted by the bite. She also had a celebrity crush on teen heart-throb Johnny Storm.
Soon thereafter, Jessica was riding in a car with her family when they collided with a military convoy carrying radioactive chemicals. Her family was killed, and after spending several months in a coma, she awoke, stirred by the first coming of Galactus outside her hospital room. She was placed in an orphanage and adopted by the Jones family.
Jessica later discovered that her radiation exposure granted her super strength, limited invulnerability, and flight (which she never fully mastered during her superhero career). The Joneses re-enrolled Jessica at Midtown High, where she was ostracized by her classmates, especially Flash Thompson. Peter Parker (who had since become Spider-Man) sensed in Jessica a kindred spirit — someone who had also lost family due to a tragic circumstance. Jessica mistook his kind attention and lashed out at him, believing he was merely pitying her.
As Jewel, Jones was an upstart heroine with a fairly uneventful career until she intervened in a disturbance at a restaurant involving longtime Daredevil foe Zebediah Killgrave, the Purple Man. Killgrave used his power of mind control to place Jones under his command, psychologically torturing her and forcing her to aid his criminal schemes. After eight months, Jones began to lose the distinction between his will and her own, developing a kind of Stockholm Syndrome.
In the midst of a temper tantrum, the Purple Man sent Jones to kill Daredevil, erroneously directing her to the Avengers Mansion. Jones attacked the first hero she saw there in a red costume, the Scarlet Witch. The mind-control began to wear off and Jones attempted to flee, but she was caught and severely injured by the Vision (the Scarlet Witch's then-husband), and Iron Man. She escaped due to the intervention of the only Avenger who actually knew her, Carol Danvers, who took her to safety.
Jones remained in a coma for months, under the care of S.H.I.E.L.D., while also undergoing psychic therapy with Jean Grey of the X-Men. In addition to assisting her emergence from the coma, Grey placed a special mental command in Jones' subconscious that would protect her from further mind control. During this time Jones developed a doomed romantic relationship with S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Clay Quartermain, who would prove to be a valuable friend and contact for her later in life.
The intensely violating nature of her experience with Killgrave, combined with the fact that no one noticed she had been missing for eight months, forced a demoralized Jones to give up being a costumed superhero.
In the final issue of The Pulse, Jones tried being a superhero one final time before giving up, adopting a darker identity as the Knightress. Intercepting a crime meeting between the Owl and a mafioso, she met up with fellow superhero Luke Cage. After defeating the Owl and his goons, she discovered that one of the thugs had brought his children with him. Jones took off her mask and revealed her identity to the cops so that they would allow her to look after the children for the night. Luke Cage went to her home later that night and the two had a long talk, the first step towards a lasting friendship.
Jones, no longer a superhero, opened a private detective agency. Given her background, she was sought out by clients with superhero connections. Despite her wishes to leave the superhero life, she finds herself repeatedly drawn back into it. Longtime friend Carol Danvers set Jones up with Scott Lang (the second Ant-Man), and the two dated for several months. She also had an off-and-on affair with Luke Cage.[volume & issue needed]
Killgrave, still obsessed with Jones, escaped from high-security incarceration. He attempted to break her spirit by making her experience her worst nightmare: discovering Lang and Cage in a tryst with her friend, Danvers. This time, the mental defenses Grey had given her allowed Jones to free herself from his control. She knocked him out and he was recaptured.[volume & issue needed]
Cage and Jones admitted their feelings for each other. After becoming pregnant with his child, Jones and Cage began a committed relationship.[volume & issue needed]
Jones takes a leave from the detective business and joins the staff of the Daily Bugle as a superhero correspondent and consultant, becoming a main character of the comic book The Pulse, and a contributor to the same-name fictional newspaper supplement within. A pregnant Jones is attacked by the Green Goblin after the Bugle reports that he is secretly industrialist Norman Osborn. In response, Cage retaliates and Osborn is irrevocably exposed as the Goblin upon his defeat and incarceration. Jones quits her job with the Bugle after publisher J. Jonah Jameson uses the paper to smear the New Avengers. Jones extracts payback by refusing the Bugle exclusive rights to cover her daughter's birth.[volume & issue needed]
Jones and Cage are living together when she gives birth to their child, Danielle, whom they name after Luke's best friend, Danny Rand (Iron Fist).[volume & issue needed] Cage proposes marriage, and Jones accepts. The two are married in New Avengers Annual #1. Jones retained her maiden name.
Jessica Jones is a supporting character in the Young Avengers limited series. She is employed at the Daily Bugle and attends a meeting with Kat Farrell and J. Jonah Jameson regarding the emergence of a teen superhero team that seem to be mimicking the Avengers. Jones leaves the Bugle and is picked up by Iron Man and Captain America who explain more about the Young Avengers. Jones, Iron Man, Cap and the Young Avengers are attacked by Kang the Conqueror who threatens Iron Lad by telling him that if he does not return to the future to become Kang, it will change history and Jessica finds that she is in her Jewel costume and is not pregnant. Iron Lad leaves and this is reversed. Jessica, Cap and Iron Man decide to tell the Young Avenger`s parents about their children being superheroes and Jessica visits Peggy Lang, Cassie Lang`s mother. Kat Farrell wishes to get an exclusive on the Young Avengers for the Bugle and asks Jessica to locate and ask them if they will comply. Jessica visits all of the Young Avengers and finds out about their lives before becoming superheroes and particularly connects with Hawkeye who, it is implied, was raped. The team agrees to an interview and Jones continues to remain a supporting character until the series ends. She returns in Young Avengers the Children`s Crusade #6 where she, along with Beast and Hawkeye attempt to diffuse the situation between the Avengers and X Men who are fighting over who gets to punish the Scarlet Witch. She helps fight Doctor Doom and is present when Stature and the Vision II are killed. She is seen hugging Hulkling in the final panel when the team is declared full fledged Avengers by Captain America who unveils a statue of the Vision and Stature.
In Marvel's crossover event Civil War, Iron Man and Ms. Marvel confront Jones and Cage, urging them to register with the authorities under the provisions of the Superhuman Registration Act.[volume & issue needed] When asked if they intend to sign up, neither actually says "No," though they make their intentions to defy the law very clear, with Luke going so far as to compare the Act to slavery and Jim Crow segregation.[volume & issue needed] In order to keep their child safe, Jones travels with her to Canada, while Luke stays in their home in Harlem.[volume & issue needed] Having eluded the S.H.I.E.L.D. agents dispatched to apprehend him, Cage joins Captain America's "Secret Avengers."[volume & issue needed] Despite the surrender of Captain America at the conclusion of the Civil War crossover, Cage remains underground as leader of the New Avengers.[volume & issue needed]
As part of the New Avengers, Jones moves into Doctor Strange's Sanctum Sanctorum. At the end of New Avengers #31 (2007), Elektra is killed and is revealed to have been a Skrull. In the next scene, unbeknownst to Jones, her baby's eyes flash yellow-green.[volume & issue needed] Later, following an attack on Doctor Strange's Sanctum Sanctorum by the forces of the demonic villain the Hood, Jones, shaken by the experience and desperate to protect her child, leaves the New Avengers and goes with her baby to Stark Tower to register under the Superhuman Registration Act, effectively ending her relationship with Luke Cage for the time being.
Jones is among the heroes who emerged from the crashed Skrull ship wearing her Jewel costume. The group of emerging heroes believe themselves to be the real ones, however it was shown that some of the group were Skrulls. This Jones, dressed as Jewel, is later revealed to be a Skrull. The real Jessica Jones, however, appeared in Secret Invasion #7, where she joined in the heroes fight against the Skrulls and was able to be reunited with her husband. After the Skrull surrender, the Skrull impersonating Jarvis disappears with their daughter, leaving Jessica desperate.
Jessica, Luke, and Carol arrive at Bucky's home. The New Avengers, Fantastic Four, and Iron Fist begin searching for Danielle, attacking various villains, looking for any information regarding the Skrull Jarvis, namely his whereabouts and intentions. Jessica is unaware that Luke asks Norman Osborn for help in their search. Osborn helps Luke recover Danielle, and Luke gives the baby back to Jessica. Spider-Man recently re-revealed himself as Peter Parker to the New Avengers, leaving Jones shocked to see that her former classmate is Spider-Man. She then tells Peter of her former crush on him only to find out that he did not recognize her all this time, let alone remember her name, only remembering her as "Coma Girl", upsetting her. She later assists the Avengers in rescuing Clint after being captured by Norman Osborn. Jessica reveals that she was inspired to become a superheroine after witnessing an early battle between Spider-Man and the Sandman. Peter then tries to convince Jones to return to the life of a superhero, suggesting that she can provide a better example for her daughter by going into action as a hero rather than simply telling her daughter about her old career.
Jessica, retaking her costumed identity of Jewel, became a member of the New Avengers when the title relaunched in June 2010. She and Luke begin searching for a nanny. Possible applicants were Hellcat, Mantis, a depressed Demolition Man, Firebird, Aaron Stack the Machine Man, Sersi, Trapster, Echo, US 1 (Ulysses Solomon Archer), Molly Hayes, Julia Carpenter, Ultra Girl, Groot, Beverly Switzler, Deadpool, Sepulchre, Cassandra Lang, She-Hulk, Nighthawk, Devlor and Tigra. Ultimately, Squirrel Girl is chosen as Danielle's nanny. In New Avengers #8, Jessica takes the name "Power Woman" to both honor her husband, Power Man (Luke Cage), and to be a role model for their daughter. However following several incidents revolving around Thule Society attacking Avengers Mansion,[volume & issue needed] and Norman Osborn's threat,[volume & issue needed] in New Avengers #24 Jessica was forced to quit the team and go into hiding, realizing that it is too dangerous for Danielle to remain in Avengers Mansion due to the numerous potential threats.
Jessica later appeared as an ally to the Mighty Avengers team formed by her husband Luke Cage. Jessica and Danielle lived in the apartment of the Gem Theater, which was serving as the Mighty Avenger's base of operations. She and Luke would later be confronted by the Superior Spider-Man and his Spider Robots, who offered her a place on a different type of Avengers team that was to be run by him. Jessica swiftly found a baby sitter for her child and refused before delivering a powerful punch to Spider-Man's face for threatening her child. The group was later backed up by She-Hulk and she and Jessica decided to go out for coffee. Jessica and Luke would later switch apartments with an old friend of Luke's named David Griffiths. While moving in, Jessica spoke to the Blue Marvel about what it's like to raise a child of superheroes and expressed both her support and annoyance at her husband's choice to start another team of Avengers.
Powers and abilities
After coming into contact with experimental chemicals and spending some time in a coma, Jessica emerged with superhuman abilities. She possesses superhuman strength and while her upper limits have never been properly quantified, she has shown herself capable of lifting a two ton police car with little apparent effort. Her strength allowed her to lift up a giant sized Goliath by the nostrils and toss him a short distance, break Atlas' nose, and render her fellow superheroine Jessica Drew unconscious with a single punch to the face. Jessica is also somewhat more resistant to harm than an ordinary human. While being held at gunpoint, Jessica implies that shooting her would only ruin her jacket. She later withstood being punched by a human on Mutant Growth Hormone and suffered only mild bruising and a bloody nose, and was able to recover in moments after being shocked by Jessica Drew's venom blasts. Despite this resistance to harm Jessica suffered severe injuries, including a damaged spine and neck, a detached retina, and a broken nose after being attacked by both the Vision and Iron Man. Jessica is also able to fly, and while she was able to fly quite well during her early years as a heroine, she has admitted that her flying ability degenerated while she was no longer an active hero. She has since displayed improved flying ability after joining the New Avengers. After her ordeal at the hands of the Purple Man, Jessica was given a degree of psionic protection by Jean Grey of the X-Men. This psionic protection was sufficient to protect Jessica against a second attack by the Purple Man (despite his powers being pheromone based), though she had to "trigger" this resistance on her own.
In addition to her superhuman powers, Jessica is a skilled detective and investigative journalist. She also has had basic training in hand to hand combat.
House of M
In Ultimate Spider-Man #106, Jones appears as a senior student in the school Peter Parker attends. She is the executive producer of the school's television network. She later becomes jealous of Mary Jane Watson's superior film skills. She attempted to deduce Spider-Man's secret identity for the school newspaper and may have been suspicious about Peter Parker. Later on after the events of Ultimatum, she claimed to have abandoned her attempts on figuring out who Spider-Man was and instead wanted to focus on his heroics.[volume & issue needed]
In What If Jessica Jones Had Joined the Avengers?, Jones accepts Captain America's offer to work for S.H.I.E.L.D. and, perceiving that something is amiss with Wanda Maximoff (the Scarlet Witch), she alerts the other Avengers, ensuring that the catastrophic events depicted in Avengers Disassembled and the House of M never occur. Jessica marries Captain America.[volume & issue needed]
In other media
- In December 2010, it was reported that Twilight screenwriter Melissa Rosenberg was developing a series for ABC titled AKA Jessica Jones. It was also confirmed that this series would be set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. In May 2012, ABC president Paul Lee stated the network has passed on the series. In November 2012, Rosenberg told Collider that the show was being shopped around to other networks. On January 11, 2013, Rosenberg told IGN that the tone of the series would be suitable for cable TV. On November 6, 2013, Disney and Marvel announced that a Jessica Jones series will air on Netflix, along with Daredevil, Luke Cage, Iron Fist, and a Defenders miniseries, with Rosenberg writing and producing the series.
- Jessica Jones appears in Marvel Heroes. She is one of the Heroes for Hire that Luke Cage can summon in-game, and specializes in tanking as well as AoE attacks.
- Jessica Jones makes a short appearance in New Avengers: Breakout by Alisa Kwitney. In the novel, she is already married to Luke and has recently given birth to Danielle.
- Alias #1-28
- The Pulse #1-14
- Amazing Spider-Man #4, 544, 653-654, 670, 673
- Avengers Academy #6
- Avengers Vol. 4 #1, 10-13, 15, 17-19, 34, 12.1
- Avengers vs. Pet Avengers #2
- Avengers Assemble Vol. 2 #6, Annual Vol 2 1
- Black Panther Vol. 4 #14, 17-18
- Captain America Vol. 5 #26, 50
- Daredevil Vol. 2 #36, 39, 42-43, 46-48, 83
- Deadpool Vol. 3 #11, 13-14
- Fantastic Four #588
- Fear Itself #1, 4-7
- Heroes for Hire Vol. 3 #3-4
- Heroic Age: Heroes #1
- I Am An Avenger #1-2
- Marvel Assistant-Sized Spectacular #2
- New Avengers Vol. 1 #3, 14-15, 22, 28-31, 33-34, 36, 38, 47-51, 55, 58-60, 62-63 Annual #1-3, Finale #1
- New Avengers Vol. 2 #1-24, 30-34, Annual #1
- New Avengers: Luke Cage #1-3
- Thunderbolts #143, 148, 157, 168
- Wolverine Vol. 4 #5.1
- Women of Marvel: Celebrating Seven Decades Handbook #1
- Young Avengers #1-8, 12, Special #1
- Deadpool Vol. 4 #11
- In New Avengers #50, she is called "Jessica Jones Cage" (no hyphen).
- Weiland, Jonah (August 5, 2005). "Spider-Love: Bendis on 'Spider-Woman: Origin' and New Ongoing Series". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- Powers #11, letters pages
- Cronin, Brian (July 27, 2006). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #61". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- "Marvel Comics podcast". Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- Amazing Spider-Man #600 (2009)
- Alias #25
- Alias #26
- Alias #28
- Alias #26
- Alias #25-26
- Pulse #14
- The Pulse #14
- New Avengers Annual #1
- New Avengers Annual #2 (2008)
- Secret Invasion #2 (May 2008)
- Secret Invasion #5 (August 2008)
- Secret Invasion #8 (December 2008)
- New Avengers #48
- New Avengers #49
- New Avengers #51
- New Avengers Annual #3
- Amazing Spider-Man #601 (October 2009)
- The battle between Spider-Man and the Sandman occurred during the villain's first published appearance in Amazing Spider-Man #4 (September 1963).
- "Jessica Jones is a New Avenger". Comic Book Resources. March 4, 2010.
- New Avengers #7
- New Avengers #8
- New Avengers #24
- Alias #1-28
- Schneider, Micheak (December 17, 2010). "Screenwriter Sets Marvel Adaptation for TV". Variety. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- Molloy, Tim (May 15, 2012). "Screenwriter Sets Marvel Adaptation for TV". The Wrap. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- Screenwriter Melissa Rosenberg Talks THE TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN – PART 2, ABC’s RED WIDOW, the Status of AKA JESSICA JONES, and More
- Marvel is Still Working on a Potential Jessica Jones TV Series
- Lieberman, David (November 7, 2013). "Disney To Provide Netflix With Four Series Based On Marvel Characters". Deadline.com. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
- Melissa Rosenberg To Shepherd Marvel’s Jessica Jones Series For Netflix
- Jessica Jones at Marvel.com
- Bendis Interview at Comic Book Resources (August 2005)
- Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed: Which Jessica for Alias?